ACN - 101321555 Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

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Research Ethics Governance – An African Perspective (Chapter: Marelize I. Schoeman | May 2019)

Abstract Governance structures in research are generally a retrospective response to unethical research practices. Similar to the international research landscape Africa has not been immune to human research abuses inclusive of unethical experimentation and clinical trials. An increase in research was... More

Abstract Governance structures in research are generally a retrospective response to unethical research practices. Similar to the international research landscape Africa has not been immune to human research abuses inclusive of unethical experimentation and clinical trials. An increase in research was noted in Africa this past decade in response to serious psychosocial and health-related challenges the continent faced. This increase in research has not necessarily brought about improvements in the governance and oversight of human research practices. In contrast, it increased the risk of exploitative research funded by resource-rich countries who conducted studies in Africa that would be difficult to conduct in countries with more established and strict research regulatory frameworks.

Even though the impact colonialism and the internationalisation of research had on ethics governance is recognised, African scholars is of the opinion that the debate about research ethics governance largely represents the opinions of scholars from Euro-western countries, with little contribution being made by African scholars. Against this background, the chapter presents an Afrocentric viewpoint of research ethics governance. In addition, Westernised and African research ethics practices and oversight structures were compared to identify challenges and guidelines. The research ethics governance landscape is to a large extent still an uncharted landscape creating the opportunity to develop a research ethics governance framework that acknowledges the unique humanistic morality and normative set of social rules and principles that guide the conduct of people in African societies. The chapter aims to make a significant contribution by stimulate critical discourse about the relevance of ethical principles and governance structures currently used in Africa.

Keywords Research ethics governance, Research ethics committees, Biomedical research, Social science research 

Schoeman M.I. (2019) Research Ethics Governance – An African Perspective. In: Nortjé N., Visagie R., Wessels J. (eds) Social Science Research Ethics in Africa. Research Ethics Forum, vol 7. Springer, Cham Publisher: https://www.springer.com/978-3-030-15401-1?wt_mc=ThirdParty.SpringerLink.3.EPR653.About_eBook
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The Ethics of Social Research with Children and Families in Young Lives: Practical Experiences (Book: Virginia Morrow | 2009)

Published/Released on January 01, 2012 | Posted by Admin on May 19, 2019 | Keywords: , , , , ,

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Vulnerability: new essays in ethics and feminist philosophy (Books: Catriona Mackenzie (Editor), et al | 2014)

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Vulnerability in Research: Defining, Applying, and Teaching the Concept (Books: Sana Loue & Bebe Loff | 2019)

Published/Released on October 15, 2018 | Posted by Admin on November 1, 2018 | Keywords: , , , , , , , , , ,

Abstract The concept of vulnerability and the attendant responsibility of researchers to provide special protections for research participants deemed to be vulnerable are considered to be foundational concepts in bioethics. However, not only do international and national guidelines differ in their definition of vulnerability, but they... More

Abstract The concept of vulnerability and the attendant responsibility of researchers to provide special protections for research participants deemed to be vulnerable are considered to be foundational concepts in bioethics. However, not only do international and national guidelines differ in their definition of vulnerability, but they also vary with respect to who is to be considered vulnerable in research. This chapter describes the ways in which vulnerability has been defined by international and national guidelines, discusses the considerations deemed relevant by international and national guidance and writers on the topic, and concludes with thoughts on how the meaning of vulnerability might be communicated in teaching.

Sana Loue & Bebe Loff (2019) Vulnerability in research: defining, applying, and teaching the conceptEthics in Research Practice and Innovation https://www.igi-global.com/chapter/vulnerability-in-research/216663

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Indigenous Data Sovereignty (Books: Edited by Tahu Kukutai and John Taylor | November 2016)

As the global ‘data revolution’ accelerates, how can the data rights and interests of indigenous peoples be secured? Premised on the United Nations Declaration on the... More

As the global ‘data revolution’ accelerates, how can the data rights and interests of indigenous peoples be secured? Premised on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, this book argues that indigenous peoples have inherent and inalienable rights relating to the collection, ownership and application of data about them, and about their lifeways and territories. As the first book to focus on indigenous data sovereignty, it asks: what does data sovereignty mean for indigenous peoples, and how is it being used in their pursuit of self-determination? The varied group of mostly indigenous contributors theorise and conceptualise this fast-emerging field and present case studies that illustrate the challenges and opportunities involved. These range from indigenous communities grappling with issues of identity, governance and development, to national governments and NGOs seeking to formulate a response to indigenous demands for data ownership. While the book is focused on the CANZUS states of Canada, Australia, Aotearoa/New Zealand and the United States, much of the content and discussion will be of interest and practical value to a broader global audience. ‘A debate-shaping book … it speaks to a fast-emerging field; it has a lot of important things to say; and the timing is right.’  — Stephen Cornell, Professor of Sociology and Faculty Chair of the Native Nations Institute, University of Arizona ‘The effort … in this book to theorise and conceptualise data sovereignty and its links to the realisation of the rights of indigenous peoples is pioneering and laudable.’  — Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Baguio City, Philippines

Kukutai, T and Taylor, J (2016) Indigenous Data Sovereignty: Toward an agenda. ANU Press. https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/series/centre-aboriginal-economic-policy-research-caepr/indigenous-data-sovereignty

Publisher (Free to download): https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/series/centre-aboriginal-economic-policy-research-caepr/indigenous-data-sovereignty
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Research, Ethics And Risk In The Authoritarian Field (Books: Marlies Glasius, et al | 2018)

Abstract In this introduction to Research, Ethics and Risk in the Authoritarian Field, we explain why and how we wrote this book, who we are, what the ‘authoritarian field’ means for us, and who may find this book useful. By recording our joint experiences in very... More

Abstract In this introduction to Research, Ethics and Risk in the Authoritarian Field, we explain why and how we wrote this book, who we are, what the ‘authoritarian field’ means for us, and who may find this book useful. By recording our joint experiences in very different authori- tarian contexts systematically and succinctly, comparing and contrasting them, and drawing lessons, we aim to give other researchers a framework, so they will not need to start from scratch as we did. It is not the absence of free and fair elections, or repression, that most prominently affects our fieldwork in authoritarian contexts, but the arbitrariness of authoritarian rule, and the uncertainty it results in for us and the people in our fieldwork environment. Keywords Authoritarianism, Field research, Reflection, Uncertainty, Qualitative research, Fieldwork methods

Glasius, M., de Lange, M. Bartman, J. Dalmasso, E. Lv, A. Sordi, A.D. Michaelsen, M. Ruijgrok, K.(2017). Research, Ethics and Risk in the Authoritarian Field, Springer International Publishing Publisher (Open Access): https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-319-68966-1.pdf

Contents 1 Introduction Why This Book Who We Are What Is the Authoritarian Field? How We Experience Authoritarianism Beyond ‘Westerners’ and ‘Locals’ How We Wrote This Book Who This Book Is For References 2 Entering the Field Ethics Procedures Gaining Entry: Permits and Visas Constrained Choices Not So Dangerous And Yet It Can Be Dangerous Assessing Risk in Advance Going the Anthropologist Way Encountering the Security Apparatus Data Security Trade-Offs Chapter Conclusion: Planning Ahead and Accepting Risk References 3 Learning the Red Lines Hard Red Lines Fluid Lines Depoliticizing the Research Wording Getting Locals to Vet Your Wording Behaviors Shifting Red Lines—Closures Shifting Red Lines—Openings Chapter Conclusion: Navigating the Red Lines References 4 Building and Maintaining Relations in the Field Building Connections Local Collaborators Refusals Testing the Waters Work with What You Have Where to Meet Triangulation, Not Confrontation Sensitive Information Being Manipulated Doing Things in Return Chapter Conclusion: Patience, Trust, and Recognition References 5 Mental Impact Targeted Surveillance Stress, Fear, and Paranoia Betrayal and Disenchantment Hard Stories The Field Stays with Us Attending to and Coping with Mental Impact Pressure to Get Results Positive Mental Impact Chapter Conclusion: Talk About It Reference 6 Writing It Up The Call for Transparency Interviews with ‘Ordinary People’ Interviews with ‘Expert Informants’ Interviews with ‘Spokespersons’ Protective Practices Off-the-Record Information Anonymity vs. Transparency Transparency About Our Practices, Not Our Respondents A Culture of Controlled Sharing Archiving Our Transcripts Writing, Dissemination, and Future Access Chapter Conclusion: Shifting the Transparency Debate References Dos and Don’ts in the Authoritarian Field Less

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What’s the Harm? The Coverage of Ethics and Harm Avoidance in Research Methods Textbooks (Books | Shane Dixon & Linda Quirke | 2017)

Published/Released on June 02, 2017 | Posted by Admin on January 18, 2018 | Keywords: , , , , , , , ,

Abstract Methods textbooks play a role in socializing a new generation of researchers about ethical research. How do undergraduate social research methods textbooks portray harm, its prevalence, and ways to mitigate harm to participants? We conducted a content analysis of ethics chapters in the 18 highest-selling... More

Abstract Methods textbooks play a role in socializing a new generation of researchers about ethical research. How do undergraduate social research methods textbooks portray harm, its prevalence, and ways to mitigate harm to participants? We conducted a content analysis of ethics chapters in the 18 highest-selling undergraduate textbooks used in sociology research methods courses in the United States and Canada in 2013. We found that experiments are portrayed as the research design most likely to harm participants. Textbooks overwhelmingly referred to high-profile, well-known examples of harmful research. Chapters primarily characterize participants as at risk for psychological and physical harm. Textbooks engage in detailed discussions of how to avoid harm; informed consent figures prominently as an essential way to mitigate risk of harm. We conclude that textbooks promote a procedural rather than nuanced approach to ethics and that content in ethics chapters is out of step with scholarly research in research ethics. Keywords ethics, research methods, textbooks, harm, participants

Shane, D. and Q. Linda (2017). "What’s the Harm? The Coverage of Ethics and Harm Avoidance in Research Methods Textbooks." Teaching Sociology 46(1): 12-24. Publisher: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0092055X17711230

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Experiments in Judaism: Jewish Sources, Ethics, and Research with Human Subjects (Books: Alyssa Henning | 2015)

Henning explores the value of drawing on religious ethical traditions, in this case Judaism, as a source for challenging the limits of contemporary research ethics discourses. Her thesis offers an analysis of the scandal in 1963 at the Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital in Brooklyn when Dr Southam injected live,... More

Henning explores the value of drawing on religious ethical traditions, in this case Judaism, as a source for challenging the limits of contemporary research ethics discourses. Her thesis offers an analysis of the scandal in 1963 at the Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital in Brooklyn when Dr Southam injected live, cultured cancer cells into 22 elderly patients to monitor their immune responses. She also explores the discourse of duty as a counter to the language of rights and liabilities.

Henning, Alyssa Anne (2015) Experiments in Judaism: Jewish Sources, Ethics, and Research with Human Subjects. Northwestern University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. https://search.proquest.com/docview/1721391816?pq-origsite=gscholar

Also see 28/12/2013 - NYC’s forgotten cancer scandal – New York Post Read the original news story from 1964

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Covert Research The Art, Politics and Ethics of Undercover Fieldwork (Books: David Calvey | 2017)

Undercover research is an emotive and controversial field often equated with deception and transgression. Using classic examples and contemporary case studies this book challenges covert research’s dispersed place within the social sciences and rehabilitates its reputation as a powerful research method. Drawing in part on his own undercover research into... More

Undercover research is an emotive and controversial field often equated with deception and transgression. Using classic examples and contemporary case studies this book challenges covert research’s dispersed place within the social sciences and rehabilitates its reputation as a powerful research method. Drawing in part on his own undercover research into the night-time economy of bouncers, the author explores the roots and evolution of covert research; his deft treatment of the fear and fascination within furtive fieldwork is grounded in the practicality of the methods and tools needed to conduct quality research in the field. Packed with learning-by-example tips, this book shows that with critical imagination and proper ethical foundations, covert research could be a great addition to your methodological toolkit.

Calvey, D. (2017). Covert Research: The Art, Politics and Ethics of Undercover Fieldwork, SAGE Publications. Publisher: https://au.sagepub.com/en-gb/oce/covert-research/book234298

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Casebook on Ethical Issues in International Health Research (Books: WHO | 2009)

This publication is the outcome of a project of the Secretariat of the Research Ethics Review Committee of the World Health Organization in partnership with the University of Geneva, and with the support of the Réseau universitaire international de Genève/Geneva International Academic Network (RUIG/GIAN). More

This publication is the outcome of a project of the Secretariat of the Research Ethics Review Committee of the World Health Organization in partnership with the University of Geneva, and with the support of the Réseau universitaire international de Genève/Geneva International Academic Network (RUIG/GIAN). This casebook collects 64 case studies, each of which raises an important and difficult ethical issue connected with planning, reviewing, or conducting health-related research. The book’s purpose is to contribute to thoughtful analysis of these issues by researchers and members of research ethics committees (RECs, known in some places as ethical review committees or institutional review boards), particularly those involved with studies that are conducted or sponsored internationally. This collection is envisioned principally as a tool to aid educational programmes, from short workshops on research ethics to in-service learning for scientists and REC members, to formal degree or certificate courses. In such settings, instructors will typically select a number of case studies that will be distributed to the participants to provoke and focus discussion. (To assist those using these case studies in their classrooms and workshops, a teaching guide has been included.) Individuals who want to stimulate their own thinking about research ethics or to become more familiar with a range of real-world dilemmas in international health research, especially in developing countries, may also benefit from perusing this book, either on topics of special interest to them or as a whole...

WHO (2009). Casebook on Ethical Issues in International Research. Free download: http://www.who.int/rpc/publications/ethics_casebook/en/

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Ethical Imperialism? Exporting Research Ethics to the Global South (Books: Mark Israel | 2017)

Abstract: The global export of principlism forms part of international flows of capital, students and academics, knowledge and ideology. Multinational research teams have looked to those countries with lower risks of litigation, low labour costs, pharmacologically 'naive' participants, weak ethics review and the absence of... More

Abstract: The global export of principlism forms part of international flows of capital, students and academics, knowledge and ideology. Multinational research teams have looked to those countries with lower risks of litigation, low labour costs, pharmacologically 'naive' participants, weak ethics review and the absence of other regulatory processes. As a result, research in low- and middle-income countries has burgeoned. As developing countries struggle to keep pace, the Helsinki and UNESCO Declarations have created regulatory templates and ca pa city-building initiatives have encouraged researchers in many developing countries to follow these models. Contemporary regulation in South Africa and Brazil has shadowed developments in the global North and extended biomedical regulation to all forms of research. Opposition to principlism is not simply targeted at insensitivity in application but challenges the universal basis for principlism, and calls for a deeper understanding of how different societies, cultures, peoples and disciplines understand ethics, research and ethical research. Keywords: research ethics; principlism; ethical imperialism; global South; low- and middle-income countries; South Africa; Brazil

Israel, M. (2017). Ethical Imperialism? Exporting Research Ethics to the Global South. In R. Iphofen & M. Tolich (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research Ethics. SAGE (in press). Pre-print version here.

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Listening to the Voices of the People: The Psychosocial Influences and Consequences of Research in Ethnocultural Communities (Books: Joseph Trimble, et al | 2017)

Abstract: In the past three decades, there has been a dramatic increase in mental health research conducted among ethnic and nationalistic groups. As the interest has increased so have the concerns of many ethnocultural communities about research in general and the presence of researchers in their communities. The... More

Abstract: In the past three decades, there has been a dramatic increase in mental health research conducted among ethnic and nationalistic groups. As the interest has increased so have the concerns of many ethnocultural communities about research in general and the presence of researchers in their communities. The rising community concerns accompanied with the emergence of community-based research review committees presents extraordinary challenges for researchers – challenges that are only beginning to be fully and seriously acknowledged at methodological, procedural, and conceptual levels. The most important challenge though is the actual responsible conduct of researchers while they are in the field and the relationship they establish with their respondents. The chapter discusses the history of how research has been conducted in ethnocultural communities with the use of culturally inappropriate designs, methodology, and interpretation. Consequently, communities are now taking steps to protect themselves against the harm, which has come from the past abuses of research practices and the insensitivities of the researchers. Moreover, it is essential to educate ethnocultural communities about healing from the effects of past research and subsequently teach communities how to empower themselves in future research endeavors. Research can be beneficial to ethnocultural communities if appropriate measures are taken to ensure cultural responsiveness and solid grounding in the culturally unique lifeways and thoughtways of the communities. Keywords: ethics; community empowerment; participatory action research; culturally sensitive research.

Trimble, J. E., Casillas, D. M., Boyd, B., & King, J. (2017). Listening to the Voices of the People: The Psychosocial Influences and Consequences of Research in Ethnocultural Communities. In Social Issues in Living Color: Challenges and Solutions from the Perspective of Ethnic Minority Psychology [3 volumes], 305. Praeger Books Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Social-Issues-Living-Color-volumes/dp/1440833362 Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236671647_Listening_to_the_voices...

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Ethics in Indigenous Research: Past Experiences – Future Challenges (Books: Anna-Lill Drugge (ed.) | 2016)

dynamiccontent-propertiesAbstract Ethics in research related to Indigenous peoples has, over recent decades, been increasingly discussed in a global context. Decolonizing theories and methods have gained legitimacy and prestige, and Indigenous scholarship has challenged mainstream research by adding novel... More

dynamiccontent-propertiesAbstract Ethics in research related to Indigenous peoples has, over recent decades, been increasingly discussed in a global context. Decolonizing theories and methods have gained legitimacy and prestige, and Indigenous scholarship has challenged mainstream research by adding novel perspectives and critical standpoints that encourage researchers of all origins to reflect upon their own positions within the colonial academic and social structures in which they work. This development has taken different directions and occurred at different speeds depending on local, regional and national settings. In a Swedish Sami research context, we are now in a time when it is clear that things are moving and discussions on research ethics are taking place on a more regular basis. This publication is one example of that. In Sweden, it is the first one in English that addresses ethics in Sami and indigenous research and this will, hopefully, facilitate collaborations, comparisons and discussions on an international scale. The book is based on some of the contributions to the international workshop Ethics in Indigenous Research, Past Experiences – Future Challenges that was held in Umeå in March 2014. The workshop gathered together around fifty scholars from different parts of Sápmi and abroad, and aimed to move forward Indigenous research ethics in Sweden by highlighting and addressing research ethics related to the Sami and Indigenous research field. It is hoped that this book will serve as an inspiration, a critique, and an illustration of where discussions are heading in a Nordic, and more specifically, Swedish context. It is intended to function as a foundation for future ethical discussions at different levels, in national and international settings both within and outside academia. Series Samiska studier, ISSN 1651-5153 ; 7 Keyword [en] Ethics, Indigenous, Sami, Indigenous methodologies, Research ethics

Drugge, A-L (ed.) (2016) Ethics in Indigenous Research: Past Experiences - Future Challenges. Umeå: Vaartoe - Centre for Sami Research Publisher (open access): http://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A943266&dswid=1275

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Participatory research with children and young people (Books – Chapter: Susan Groundwater-Smith, et al | 2014)

This book sets out a clear framework for conducting participatory research with children and young people within a discussion of the rights of the child. Through extensive case studies and a close review of contemporary literature, in relation to early childhood through to late adolescence, the book serves as... More

This book sets out a clear framework for conducting participatory research with children and young people within a discussion of the rights of the child. Through extensive case studies and a close review of contemporary literature, in relation to early childhood through to late adolescence, the book serves as a critical guide to issues in participative research for students and researchers. The book includes chapters on:

Designing your research project Ethical considerations Innovative methods Publication and dissemination.

Groundwater-Smith S, Dockett S & Bottrell D. (2015). Ethical questions in relation to participatory research with children and young people. In Participatory research with children and young people (pp. 37-54). London, : SAGE Publications Ltd doi: 10.4135/9781473910751.n3 Publisher: https://au.sagepub.com/en-gb/oce/participatory-research-with-children-and-young-people/book241028

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Ethics in Early Childhood Research (Books – Chapter Ann Farrell, et al | 2016)

Abstract: Recent decades have seen an upsurge of research with and about young children, their families and communities. The Handbook of Early Childhood Research will provide a landmark overview of the field of early childhood research and will set an agenda for early childhood research into... More

Abstract: Recent decades have seen an upsurge of research with and about young children, their families and communities. The Handbook of Early Childhood Research will provide a landmark overview of the field of early childhood research and will set an agenda for early childhood research into the future. It includes 31 chapters provided by internationally recognized experts in early childhood research. The team of international contributors apply their expertise to conceptual and methodological issues in research and to relevant fields of practice and policy. The Handbook recognizes the main childhoodcontexts of early childhood research: home and family contexts; out-of-home contexts such as services for young children and their families; and broader societal contexts of that evoke risk for young children. The Handbook includes sections on: the field of early childhood research and its key contributions; new theories and theoretical approaches in early childhood research; collecting and analysing data; applications of early childhood research This Handbook will become the valuable reference text for students, practitioners and researchers from across the social sciences and beyond who are engaged in research with young children. Disciplines: Education, Communication and Media Studies, Counseling and Psychotherapy, Health Keywords: children, early childhood, youngest child, childhood

Farrell A, Kagan SL. & Tisdall E M. (2016). Ethics in early childhood research. In Farrell, A., Kagan, S. L. & Tisdall, E. M. The SAGE handbook of early childhood research (pp. 187-200). London, : SAGE Publications Ltd doi: 10.4135/9781473920859.n12 Publisher: https://au.sagepub.com/en-gb/oce/the-sage-handbook-of-early-childhood-research/book240838

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The Ethics of Collaboration Whose Culture? Whose Intellectual Property? Who Benefits? (Claire Smith and Gary Jackson 2007)

"PREAMBLE We’d been on fishing trip to King River and were driving back to Wugularr. The old men were sitting in the front seat of our four-wheel drive, finishing their beer. Old Kotjok turned to Claire, who was sitting in the back with the kids.Holding an empty can in his... More

"PREAMBLE We’d been on fishing trip to King River and were driving back to Wugularr. The old men were sitting in the front seat of our four-wheel drive, finishing their beer. Old Kotjok turned to Claire, who was sitting in the back with the kids.Holding an empty can in his hand, he asked, “Can I throw this out of the car, Bangirn?”  Claire answered “Do what you want, old man. It’s your country. ”Kotjok wound down the window and threw the can onto the roadside growling angrily, “I’m Junggayi for this country. I can do that.” After a relaxed day fishing, Kotjok’s anger seemed out of place. When we thought about this later, we guessed that at some time a white person must have chastised him for throwing litter from a vehicle. By imposing their European values on Aboriginal actions, this person unwittingly had insulted the country’s Junggayi the senior, traditional custodian, the person who had the highest authority and responsibility to care for the land.Kotjok’s anger was in remembrance of this earlier incident. If the person correcting Kotjok had been a woman, then she would have been compounding her mistake by interfering in “men’s business,” and the outcome  of her seemingly simple exchange with Kotjok would have been serious damage to their relationship. Cross-cultural relationships are full of hidden hazards..."

Smith CE & Jackson GT (2008). The Ethics of Collaboration. Whose Culture? Whose Intellectual Property? Who Benefits?. In Colwell-Chanthaphonh C and Ferguson TJ (Eds) Collaboration in Archaeological Practice: Engaging Descendent Communities. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, pp. 171-191. Academia.edu: https://www.academia.edu/28510126/The_Ethics_of_Collaboration_Whose_Culture_Whose_Intellectual_Property_Who_Benefits Bookstore: http://www.angusrobertson.com.au/books/collaboration-in-archaeological-practice/p/9780759110540

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The Handbook of Randomised Controlled Trials in Education (Books: Alan Slater 2016)

Abstract Anyone involved in education over the last ten years cannot help but have noticed that we are fast approaching a situation where we want ‘evidenced-based-everything’, we are expected to produce ‘best practice’, engage in ‘knowledge transfer’, roll-up our sleeves and get dirty ‘building evidence into education’. Randomised controlled trials... More

Abstract Anyone involved in education over the last ten years cannot help but have noticed that we are fast approaching a situation where we want ‘evidenced-based-everything’, we are expected to produce ‘best practice’, engage in ‘knowledge transfer’, roll-up our sleeves and get dirty ‘building evidence into education’. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are being seen as the best sources of evidence to make our professional lives richer and more rewarding. Randomised Controlled Trials in Education can make a difference, but they cannot do it on their own. So, The Handbook of Randomised Controlled Trials in Education aims to give you insight into randomised controlled trials in education and in doing so it should be able to answer some, but not all, of your questions about such trials and the issues and evidence in and around them. RCTs cited in The Handbook are addressing real issues such as:

• School-based Prevention and Reduction of Depression in Adolescents. • Reducing the Likelihood and Impact of Cyber-Bullying. • Does Reading During the Summer Build Reading Skills? • Evaluating the Impact of Play-Based Learning on Early Childhood Development. • Females in Science. An Intervention to Increase the Implementation of a Healthy Canteen Policy. • Guidance and Information Affecting Decision Making and Demand for Education. • Incentives to Prevent Excess School Dropout. • Getting Parents Involved in Their Children’s Education. • Texting College Students to Help Achieve Their Goals. • Vouchers to Move Out of High-Poverty Housing. • Maximizing teachers’ ability to take advantage formative and summative assessments. • Peer Observation, Teacher Performance and Student Outcomes. • The Impact of Teacher Training and a New Curriculum.

The Handbook covers areas such as:

1. List of Tables and Figures 2. Introduction 3. What is a Randomised Controlled Trial? 4. Types of Randomised Controlled Trials 5. Advantages of Evidence from Randomised Controlled Trials 6. Limitations of Evidence from Randomised Controlled Trials 7. Examples of Randomised Controlled Trials in Education 8. Hierarchies of The Evidence 9. The Pyramid of Fate: The Fate of Research in Education 10. Questions to Ask Before Getting Involved in Any Randomised Controlled Trial 11. CONSORT and Research Ethics 12. Concluding Thoughts-This is Just the Beginning Further Reading & References (including right up to date material from 2016)

Slater A (2016) The Handbook of Randomised Controlled Trials in Education. Retrieved from https://www.amazon.com.au/Handbook-Randomised-Controlled-Trials-Education-ebook/dp/B01DTA0HGE?ie=UTF8&*Version*=1&*entries*=0 Less

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The Eclipse of ‘Human Subjects’ and the Rise of ‘Human Participants’ in Research Involving Humans. (Books: Igor Gontcharov 2016)

Abstract: The 2010 edition of the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) adopts a new term, human participants, leaving the previous central concept of human subjects behind. At first glance, this transition may as appear to be a concession to social researchers, an attempt to... More

Abstract: The 2010 edition of the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) adopts a new term, human participants, leaving the previous central concept of human subjects behind. At first glance, this transition may as appear to be a concession to social researchers, an attempt to reconsider the centrality of the biomedical standard in the governance of research involving humans, in response to the criticisms of "ethics creep," or the expansion of ethics review beyond biomedical disciplines, and the growing "ethics rupture" - the disconnect between the ethics of social research and the formal system of ethics review. The argument here is that while being prima facie consistent with an attempt to build an inclusive regulatory framework, the adoption of human participants will not advance the perspectives of the social sciences and the humanities, in part because the overall conceptual framework continues to promote the biomedical perspective of research ethics and reiterates the centrality of written consent.

Gontcharov I (2016) The eclipse of 'human subjects' and the rise of 'hun1an participant' in research involving, humans. In: van den Hoonaard W and Hamilton A (eds) Ethics Rupture: Exploring Alternatives to Formal Research-Ethics Review. Publisher: http://www.utppublishing.com/The-Ethics-Rupture-Exploring-Alternatives-to-Formal-Research-Ethics-Review.html

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On Being Ethical in Geographical Research (Books: Iain Hay 2016)

Synopsis: Ethical research 1n geography is characterized by practitioners who behave with integrity and who act m ways that are just, beneficent and respectful. Ethical geographers are sensitive to the diversity of moral communities within which they work and are ultimately responsible for the moral significance of their deeds. This... More

Synopsis: Ethical research 1n geography is characterized by practitioners who behave with integrity and who act m ways that are just, beneficent and respectful. Ethical geographers are sensitive to the diversity of moral communities within which they work and are ultimately responsible for the moral significance of their deeds. This chapter explains the importance of behaving ethically provides some key advice on the conduct of ethical research and provides some examples of ethical dilemmas. This chapter is organised into the following sections

Introduction Why behave ethically Principles of ethical behaviour and common ethical issues Truth or consequences? Telelological and deontological approaches to dealing with ethical dilemmas 1n your research Condusion

Hay, I. (2016). 3 On Being Ethical in Geographical Research. Key Methods in Geography, 30-43. London. Sage Google Books: https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=7hcFDAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA30&ots=TBQLps2S9u&sig=d5pAkjYw0HM1LMD1oR_OpB_EKg0#v=onepage&q&f=false Publisher: https://au.sagepub.com/en-gb/oce/key-methods-in-geography/book242938

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The Ethics Rupture: Exploring Alternatives to Formal Research-Ethics Review (Books: Will C. van den Hoonaard (editor) and Ann Hamilton 2016)

For decades now, researchers in the social sciences and humanities have been expressing a deep dissatisfaction with the process of research-ethics review in academia. Continuing the ongoing critique of ethics review begun in Will C. van den Hoonaard’s Walking the Tightrope and The Seduction of Ethics, The Ethics Rupture... More

For decades now, researchers in the social sciences and humanities have been expressing a deep dissatisfaction with the process of research-ethics review in academia. Continuing the ongoing critique of ethics review begun in Will C. van den Hoonaard’s Walking the Tightrope and The Seduction of Ethics, The Ethics Rupture offers both an account of the system’s failings and a series of proposals on how to ensure that social research is ethical, rather than merely compliant with institutional requirements. Containing twenty-five essays written by leading experts from around the world in various disciplines, The Ethics Rupture is a landmark study of the problems caused by our current research-ethics system and the ways in which scholars are seeking solutions. This excellent book includes a chapter (15) by Mark Israel, Gary Allen, and Colin Thomson Australian Research Ethics Governance: Plotting the Demise of the Adversarial Culture

van den Hoonaard W and Hamilton A (2016) The Ethics Rupture: Exploring Alternatives to Formal Research-Ethics Review. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Publisher: http://www.utppublishing.com/The-Ethics-Rupture-Exploring-Alternatives-to-Formal-Research-Ethics-Review.html

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The Seduction of Ethics: Transforming the Social Sciences (Books: Will C. van den Hoonaard 2011)

Abstract: Formal research-ethics committees in Canada now function as an industry, costing over thirty-five million dollars annually. The Seduction of Ethics argues that while ethics codes are alluring to the public, they fuel moral panic and increase demands for institutional accountability. Will C. van den Hoonaard explores the research-ethics review... More

Abstract: Formal research-ethics committees in Canada now function as an industry, costing over thirty-five million dollars annually. The Seduction of Ethics argues that while ethics codes are alluring to the public, they fuel moral panic and increase demands for institutional accountability. Will C. van den Hoonaard explores the research-ethics review process itself by analysing the moral cosmology and practices of ethics committees regarding research and researchers. Listed by Hill Times as one of the top 100 Canadian non-fiction books in 2011. Nominated for three awards, 2012. Received “Honorable Mention” by the Charles H. Cooley Award Committee of the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction, 2012. (Reviewed four times): Review in 2014: Symbolic Interaction 37 (2): 327-330. Review in 2013: American J of Sociology 118 (4): 1136-1138; Transnational Legal Theory 4 (1): 146-156. Review in 2012: Contemporary Sociology 41 (5): 678-679.

van den Hoonaard, Will C (2011) The Seduction of Ethics: Transforming the Social Sciences. Toronto: U of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442642683 Amazon: http://www.amazon.com/Seduction-Ethics-Transforming-Social-Sciences-ebook/dp/B005I57O10

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Essentials of Thinking Ethically in Qualitative Research (Qualitative Essentials) (Books: Will C. van den Hoonaard and Deborah K van den Hoonaard 2013)

Published/Released on April 15, 2013 | Posted by Admin on March 15, 2016 | Keywords: , , , , , , ,

About: Ethical dimensions of qualitative research are constantly emerging and shifting. This volume identifies relevant ethical principles that can guide novice researchers through the research process with the necessary wisdom and insight to shape a project in sound, meaningful, and thoughtful ways. Well known for their work in this area,... More

About: Ethical dimensions of qualitative research are constantly emerging and shifting. This volume identifies relevant ethical principles that can guide novice researchers through the research process with the necessary wisdom and insight to shape a project in sound, meaningful, and thoughtful ways. Well known for their work in this area, the van den Hoonaards outline the domains on which ethics most often impinge. They address key ethical issues arising in different qualitative traditions and contexts. The volume concludes with guidance on how to navigate formal ethics reviews. Many key examples and other resources help the student engage the complicated literature on this topic.

van den Hoonaard, Will C, and van den Hoonaard, D K (2013) Essentials of Thinking Ethically in Qualitative Research (Qualitative Essentials). Left Coast Press, ISBN: 978-1-61132-204-0/978-1-61132-205-7/978-1-61132-714-4 Review: http://www.socresonline.org.uk/19/4/reviews/2.html Amazon: http://www.amazon.com/Essentials-Thinking-Ethically-Qualitative-Research/dp/1611322057

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Indigenous Research across Continents: A Comparison of Ethically and Culturally Sound Approaches to Research in Australia and Sweden (Books: Kristina MacNeil and Jillian Marsh 2015)

Abstract: In the context of opposition to, or absence of, ethical engagement in Indigenous research, researchers are morally obligated to make a stand that ensures their engagement strategy and implementation plan uses an approach based on positionality, participation, mutual respect, and partnership. Whilst this may involve new challenges for the researcher, such an initiative maximises the likelihood of an empowering and culturally safe process for vulnerable participants, including inexperienced researchers. As two early career researchers, we reflect on our experiences amidst some of the challenges within Indigenous research. These challenges include ethical, methodological and structural issues. The main aims of this chapter are to advocate for practical and philosophical reform of Indigenous research ethics particularly in the context of decolonisation; ultimately to maximise the benefits of research primarily for community research participants, service providers, and policy makers as opposed to primarily for the academy. The authors’ experiential and theoretical knowledge enables a critical understanding of the philosophical underpinnings of a decolonising research approach and how this guides the development of an appropriate... More

Abstract: In the context of opposition to, or absence of, ethical engagement in Indigenous research, researchers are morally obligated to make a stand that ensures their engagement strategy and implementation plan uses an approach based on positionality, participation, mutual respect, and partnership. Whilst this may involve new challenges for the researcher, such an initiative maximises the likelihood of an empowering and culturally safe process for vulnerable participants, including inexperienced researchers. As two early career researchers, we reflect on our experiences amidst some of the challenges within Indigenous research. These challenges include ethical, methodological and structural issues. The main aims of this chapter are to advocate for practical and philosophical reform of Indigenous research ethics particularly in the context of decolonisation; ultimately to maximise the benefits of research primarily for community research participants, service providers, and policy makers as opposed to primarily for the academy. The authors’ experiential and theoretical knowledge enables a critical understanding of the philosophical underpinnings of a decolonising research approach and how this guides the development of an appropriate ethics protocol. We acknowledge that research impacts on Indigenous peoples’ lives, often in a negative or unintended manner, and its governance varies dramatically according to individual as well as institutional values that are steeped in Western thought including colonialism. This paper draws on scholarly theoretical knowledge of cultural protocols and the governance of ethical processes from international and local sources, as well as our own experiences in cross-cultural communication to articulate what we call a Decolonising Standpoint. We regard this as a necessary addition to the implementation of an Indigenous Standpoint in the context of research, which has provided a highly credible philosophy and practice for Indigenous researchers. We aim to create an additional and quite distinct position that non-Indigenous researchers can add to their repertoire of skills and knowledge in the context of Indigenous research.

MacNeil K. Marsh, J. (2015). Indigenous Research across Continents: A Comparison of Ethically and Culturally Sound Approaches to Research in Australia and Sweden.In Huijser, H., Ober, R., O’Sullivan, S. McRae-Williams, E & Elvin, R. (Ed.) Finding the Common Ground: Narratives, Provocations and Reflections from the 40 Year Celebration of Batchelor Institute. (pp119-126) Batchelor Press, NT. (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/285581384_Indigenous_Research_across_Continents....

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The Politicisation of Ethics Review in New Zealand (Book: Martin Tolich and Barry Smith 2015)

Description: The National Women’s Hospital research scandal saw women being involved in medical research without their knowledge and without the opportunity to make a choice about their participation. The 1988 Cartwright Inquiry into this decades-long study established a template for ethics review in New Zealand. Ethics committees were subsequently established... More

Description: The National Women’s Hospital research scandal saw women being involved in medical research without their knowledge and without the opportunity to make a choice about their participation. The 1988 Cartwright Inquiry into this decades-long study established a template for ethics review in New Zealand. Ethics committees were subsequently established to independently evaluate the potential benefits as well as the risks of research. This book traces the gradual undermining of the independence of ethics review in New Zealand and the politicisation of ethics committees between 1988 and 2014. There have been substantial changes in this review process brought about by government in response to other medical crises such as that which occurred in Gisborne in the late 1990s and then an “economic crisis” between 2008 and 2010 that involved international pharmaceutical companies. This book explores the implications of these changes for a robust ethics review process across research environments in New Zealand, especially those affecting Maori. It includes recommendations aimed at enhancing independent ethics review, best practice, and providing adequate protection for all citizens.

Tolich, M. & Smith, B. (2015). The Politicisation of Ethics Review in New Zealand. Auckland: Dunmore. 241 pages. http://www.dunmore.co.nz/products/879082?barcode=9781927212202&title=ThePoliticisationofEthicsReviewinNewZealand

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MARC (Mapping African research ethics review) project (Books: Mokgatla-Moipolai et al 2014)

Abstract: Key Message: Mapping African Research Ethics Review Capacity (MARC) Project developed an interactive web-based resource map of African RECs. "Currently, health research initiatives worldwide are increasing in both scope and complexity, especially in developing countries. (1) The increase in the number of health research activities in African countries necessitates sound ethical review... More

Abstract: Key Message: Mapping African Research Ethics Review Capacity (MARC) Project developed an interactive web-based resource map of African RECs. "Currently, health research initiatives worldwide are increasing in both scope and complexity, especially in developing countries. (1) The increase in the number of health research activities in African countries necessitates sound ethical review structures and functions in the form of research ethics committees (RECs). REC review of health research protocols is acknowledged as being the cornerstone of international guidelines regarding research involving human subjects. The MARC (Mapping African Research Ethics Review Capacity) Project, a three-year initiative funded by the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP; www.edctp.org), aimed to develop an interactive, web-based resource map of Africa’s RECs, indicating REC capacity and capacity-building initiatives. A secondary objective of the MARC Project was to map medicines regulatory authorities (MRAs), and to facilitate better links between MRAs and RECs. MARC received supplementary funding from Pfizer (www.pfizer.com), and from the Fogarty International Center of the US NIH, through the South African Research Ethics Training Initiative (SARETI; www.sareti.ukzn.ac.za/Homepage.aspx)."

Mokgatla-Moipolai, B., IJsselmuiden, C., & Wassenaar, D.R. (2014). MARC (Mapping African research ethics review) project. In M. Kruger, P. Ndebele & L. Horn (Eds.) Research Ethics in Africa: A Resource for Research Ethics Committees (pp. 11-20). Stellenbosch: SUN Media. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272567012_4_Mokgatla-Moipolai_B_IJsselmuiden_C_Wassenaar_DR_2014_MARC_Mapping_African_research_ethics_review_project... Link to book: http://www.africansunmedia.co.za/Sun-e-Shop/Product-Details/tabid/78/ProductID/382/Default.aspx

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How do Various Notions of Privacy Influence Decisions in Qualitative Internet Research? (Books: Sveningsson M 2009)

Published/Released on March 17, 2008 | Posted by Admin on January 10, 2016 | Keywords: , , , , , , , ,

"Internet Inquiry takes readers into the minds of top internet researchers as they discuss how they have worked through critical challenges as they research online social environments. Rather than providing single "how to" answers, this book presents distinctive and divergent viewpoints on how to think about and conduct qualitative... More

"Internet Inquiry takes readers into the minds of top internet researchers as they discuss how they have worked through critical challenges as they research online social environments. Rather than providing single "how to" answers, this book presents distinctive and divergent viewpoints on how to think about and conduct qualitative internet studies. The various chapters illustrate that good research choices are not random but are deliberate, studied, and internally consistent."

Sveningsson Elm M (2008) How do Various Notions of Privacy Influence Decisions in Qualitative Internet Research? In: Markham A and Baym N (eds) Internet Inquiry: Conversations About Method. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 69-87. https://au.sagepub.com/en-gb/oce/internet-inquiry/book226985

(Additional reading list item from the updated Booklet 37 of the Griffith University Research Ethics Manual. Perpetual licences are available for use by all researchers within an institution. Institutions have used the GUREM as the basis for producing their own research ethics manual, as a professional development resource and a teaching and learning materials for HDR candidates.) Less

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Undoing Ethics: Rethinking Practice in Online Research (Books: Whiteman N 2012)

"Over the past decade, researchers from different academic disciplines have paid increasing attention to the productivity of online environments. The ethical underpinnings of research in such settings, however, remain contested and often controversial. As traditional debates have been reignited by the need to respond to the particular characteristics of... More

"Over the past decade, researchers from different academic disciplines have paid increasing attention to the productivity of online environments. The ethical underpinnings of research in such settings, however, remain contested and often controversial. As traditional debates have been reignited by the need to respond to the particular characteristics of technologically-mediated environments, researchers have entered anew key debates regarding the moral, legal and regulative aspects of research ethics. A growing trend in this work has been towards the promotion of localized and contextualized research ethics - the suggestion that the decisions we make should be informed by the nature of the environments we study and the habits/expectations of participants within them. Despite such moves, the relationship between the empirical, theoretical and methodological aspects of Internet research ethics remains underexplored. Drawing from ongoing sociological research into the practices of media cultures online, this book provides a timely and distinctive response to this need. This book explores the relationship between the production of ethical stances in two different contexts: the ethical manoeuvring of participants within online media-fan communities and the ethical decision-making of the author as Internet researcher, manoeuvring, as it were, in the academic community. In doing so, the book outlines a reflexive framework for exploring research ethics at different levels of analysis; the empirical settings of research; the theoretical perspectives which inform the researcher’s objectification of the research settings; and the methodological issues and practical decisions that constitute the activity as research. The analysis of these different levels develops a way of thinking about ethical practice in terms of stabilizing and destabilizing moves within and between research and researched communities. The analysis emphasizes the continuities and discontinuities between both research practice and online media-fan activity, and social activity in on and offline environments."

Whiteman N (2012) Undoing Ethics: Rethinking Practice in Online Research. London: Springer http://www.springer.com/fr/book/9781461418269

(Reference from the updated Booklet 37 of the Griffith University Research Ethics Manual. Perpetual licences are available for use by all researchers within an institution. Institutions have used the GUREM as the basis for producing their own research ethics manual, as a professional development resource and a teaching and learning materials for HDR candidates.) Less

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So You’ve Been Publicly Shamed (Books: Ronson J 2015)

Published/Released on March 02, 2015 | Posted by Admin on January 10, 2016 | Keywords: , ,

"For the past three years, Jon Ronson has been imm... More

"For the past three years, Jon Ronson has been immersing himself in the world of modern-day public shaming―meeting famous shamees, shamers, and bystanders who have been impacted. This is the perfect time for a modern-day Scarlet Letter―a radically empathetic book about public shaming, and about shaming as a form of social control. It has become such a big part of our lives it has begun to feel weird and empty when there isn’t anyone to be furious about. Whole careers are being ruined by one mistake. A transgression is revealed. Our collective outrage at it has the force of a hurricane. Then we all quickly forget about it and move on to the next one, and it doesn’t cross our minds to wonder if the shamed person is okay or in ruins. What’s it doing to them? What’s it doing to us? Ronson’s book is a powerful, funny, unique, and very humane dispatch from the frontline, in the escalating war on human nature and its flaws."

Ronson J (2015). So You've Been Publicly Shamed. UK: Pan Macmillan https://www.panmacmillan.com/authors/jon-ronson/so-you-ve-been-publicly-shamed

(Reference from the updated Booklet 37 of the Griffith University Research Ethics Manual. Perpetual licences are available for use by all researchers within an institution. Institutions have used the GUREM as the basis for producing their own research ethics manual, as a professional development resource and a teaching and learning materials for HDR candidates.) Less

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Sage Research Online – Research Ethics

If your institution has a subscription to Sage then you have online access to a slew of research ethics material on their site including all the Sage books that cover research ethics (Israel, Hammersley, Denzin et al, Sieber and Tolich, Mertens and Ginsberg), handbooks and articles. It is a veritable goldmine... More

If your institution has a subscription to Sage then you have online access to a slew of research ethics material on their site including all the Sage books that cover research ethics (Israel, Hammersley, Denzin et al, Sieber and Tolich, Mertens and Ginsberg), handbooks and articles. It is a veritable goldmine of research methods and ethics material. For example, if you do a search for Mark Israel's 'Social Research Ethics' you will find a number of useful texts. See http://srmo.sagepub.com/page/tips-and-tutorials/tutorials for more information. Less

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What are Qualitative Research Ethics? (Books: R Wiles, 2013)

"There has been an increasing interest in research ethics over the last decade given the increasing ethical regulation of social research. 'Ethical literacy' encourages researchers to understand and engage with the ethical issues that emerge in the process of research. This book provides a short, succinct and accessible overview... More

"There has been an increasing interest in research ethics over the last decade given the increasing ethical regulation of social research. 'Ethical literacy' encourages researchers to understand and engage with the ethical issues that emerge in the process of research. This book provides a short, succinct and accessible overview of the field, highlighting the key issues and everyday ethical dilemmas that researchers are likely to face in different contexts. Covering a range of methods, the book provides clear guidance for researchers on how to identify an approach that fits with their moral and intellectual framework. It explores ethical issues relating to 'traditional' research methods as well as to new and emerging methods and approaches - particularly visual and online methods. Illustrated throughout with real-world examples, this book also includes an annotated bibliography of key texts and other helpful resources. What are Qualitative Research Ethics? will be a vital resource for social science researchers across a range of disciplines." Wiles, R. (2013). What are Qualitative Research Ethics? (The 'What is?' Research Methods Series). London: Bloomsbury Academic. Retrieved November 14, 2015, from http://dx.doi.org/10.5040/9781849666558 (Available free - Open Access) Less

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Social Science Research Ethics for a Globalizing World: Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Perspectives (Books: Keerty Nakray, Margaret Alston, Kerri Whittenbury)

"Research in the humanities and social sciences thrives on critical reflections that unfold with each research project, not only in terms of knowledge... More

"Research in the humanities and social sciences thrives on critical reflections that unfold with each research project, not only in terms of knowledge created, but in whether chosen methodologies served their purpose. Ethics forms the bulwark of any social science research methodology and it requires continuous engagement and reengagement for the greater advancement of knowledge. Each chapter in this book will draw from the empirical knowledge created through intensive fieldwork and provide an account of ethical questions faced by the contributors, placing them in the context of contemporary debates surrounding the theory and practice of ethics. The chapters have been thematically organized into five sections: Feminist Ethics: Cross-Cultural Reflections and Its Implications for Change; Researching Physical and Sexual Violence in Non-Academic Settings: A Need for Ethical Protocols; Human Agency, Reciprocity, Participation and Activism: Meanings for Social Science Research Ethics; Emotions, Conflict and Dangerous Fields: Issues of “Safety” and Reflective Research; and Social Science Education: Training in Ethics or “Ethical Training” and “Ethical Publicizing." This inter-disciplinary volume will interest students and researchers in academic and non-academic settings in core disciplines of Anthropology, Sociology, Law, Political Science, International Relations, Geography, or inter-disciplinary degrees in Development Studies, Health Studies, Public Health Policy, Social Policy, Health Policy, Psychology, Peace and Conflict studies, and Gender Studies. The book features a foreword by His Holiness The Dalai Lama." Nakray, K., Alston, M., & Whittenbury, K. (2016). Social science research ethics for a globalizing world: interdisciplinary and cross-cultural perspectives. Routledge. URL http://www.tandf.net/books/details/9780415716222/ Less

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Ethical Quandaries in Social Research (Books: Deborah Posel and Fiona C Ross 2014)

"The book opens up a space of frank discussion about the often unsettling, messy realities of ethical decision-making in the thick of social research. All the contributors write in the first person about personal experiences of research. They expose tensions within professional codes of ethics, as well as a... More

"The book opens up a space of frank discussion about the often unsettling, messy realities of ethical decision-making in the thick of social research. All the contributors write in the first person about personal experiences of research. They expose tensions within professional codes of ethics, as well as a range of dilemmas that arose when personal ethical convictions jostled with disciplinary and institutional ethical imperatives. The book is unique in spanning a range of research scenarios, qualitative and quantitative, across different disciplines, fields of study and institutional settings. The book will be of interest to all social researchers - in universities, NGOs and other applied milieu - working in fields of research structured by hierarchies of difference and conditions of inequality." Deborah Posel and Fiona C Ross (2014)(eds) Ethical Quandaries in Social Research. Cape Town: HSRC Press. Available as a free download from the HSRC website http://www.hsrcpress.ac.za/product.php?productid=2329&cat=0&page=1&featured Less

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Research Ethics for Social Scientists: Between Ethical Conduct and Regulatory Compliance (Book: Mark Israel and Iain Hay 2006)

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Challenges and Responsibilities of Social Research in Africa: Ethical Issues (Book: Apollo Rwomire & Francis Nyamnjoh 2007)

BOOK: Rwomire, Apollo, & Nyamnjoh, Francis B.... More

BOOK: Rwomire, Apollo, & Nyamnjoh, Francis B., 1961- & Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (2007). Challenges and responsibilities of social research in Africa : ethical issues. Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ABOUT "Reviewed by SHERIDAN GRISWOLD (Originally published in Mmegi Online) Challenges and Responsibilities of Social Research in Africa: Ethical Issues is a collection of 21 essays that should be of interest to a variety of people, including researchers and consumers of research. Its editors are well known in Botswana. Apollo Rwomire, a Ugandan, has taught in the Department of Social Work at the University of Botswana (UB) since 1993. His recent books include Social Problems in Africa (2001) and Human Impact on Environment and Sustainable Development in Africa (2003). Francis B Nyamnjoh, a Cameroonian, is an anthropologist and sociologist who has written five works of fiction including The Disillusioned African (1995) and The Travails of Dieudonne (2008). His academic books span topics as diverse as sexuality, xenophobia, democracy, the media and Magical Interpretations, Material Realities (2001)." See more at: http://www.nyamnjoh.com/2010/02/the-ethics-of-research-on-human-subjects-in-africa.html#sthash.RLEAK0je.dpuf Less

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Handbook of Ethics in Quantitative Methodology

Published/Released on May 31, 2015 | Posted by Admin on May 31, 2015 | Keywords: , , , ,

"This comprehensive Handbook is the first... More

"This comprehensive Handbook is the first to provide a practical, interdisciplinary review of ethical issues as they relate to quantitative methodology including how to present evidence for reliability and validity, what comprises an adequate tested population, and what constitutes scientific knowledge for eliminating biases. The book uses an ethical framework that emphasizes the human cost of quantitative decision making to help researchers understand the specific implications of their choices. The order of the Handbook chapters parallels the chronology of the research process: determining the research design and data collection; data analysis; and communicating findings. Each chapter:

  • Explores the ethics of a particular topic
  • Identifies prevailing methodological issues
  • Reviews strategies and approaches for handling such issues and their ethical implications
  • Provides one or more case examples
  • Outlines plausible approaches to the issue including best-practice solutions.
Part 1 presents ethical frameworks that cross-cut design, analysis, and modeling in the behavioral sciences. Part 2 focuses on ideas for disseminating ethical training in statistics courses. Part 3 considers the ethical aspects of selecting measurement instruments and sample size planning and explores issues related to high stakes testing, the defensibility of experimental vs. quasi-experimental research designs, and ethics in program evaluation. Decision points that shape a researchers’ approach to data analysis are examined in Part 4 – when and why analysts need to account for how the sample was selected, how to evaluate tradeoffs of hypothesis-testing vs. estimation, and how to handle missing data. Ethical issues that arise when using techniques such as factor analysis or multilevel modeling and when making causal inferences are also explored. The book concludes with ethical aspects of reporting meta-analyses, of cross-disciplinary statistical reform, and of the publication process. This Handbook appeals to researchers and practitioners in psychology, human development, family studies, health, education, sociology, social work, political science, and business/marketing. This book is also a valuable supplement for quantitative methods courses required of all graduate students in these fields." Less

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Through a critical lens: Indigenist research and the Dadirri method (Paper: Roianne West et al 2012)

Published/Released on September 27, 2012 | Posted by Admin on May 31, 2015 | Keywords: , , , , , ,

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Please Knock Before You Enter: Aboriginal Regulation of Outsiders and the Implications for Researchers (Karen Martin 2008)

Published/Released on May 20, 2008 | Posted by Admin on May 31, 2015 | Keywords: , , , , ,

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Indigenist research and Aboriginal Australia. In Indigenous Peoples’ Wisdom and Power (Chapter: Lester-Irabinna Herbert Rigney 2006)

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Steven Lubet’s review of ON THE RUN: Fugitive Life in an American City (Fieldwork Encounters and Discoveries), by Alice Goffman

Published/Released on May 01, 2015 | Posted by Admin on May 28, 2015 | Keywords: , , , , , ,

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The Censor’s Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research (Books: Carl Schneider 2015)

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The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe (Podcast from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs, Public Affairs; Books: Robert Klitzman 2015)

PODCAST: Podcast from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International AffairsPublic Affairs | MAY 7, 2015 “Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. Although in 1974, the U.S. government established Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans, ethics violations persist. In this podcast from Carnegie Council, Robert Klitzman, director of the Masters of Bioethics Program at Columbia University, reflects on the ethical implications of using human beings for medical research. The transcript has been edited for clarity.”

Access the podcast

BOOKS: Klitzman, Robert. The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe. 1 edition. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. "Investigates the hidden world of IRBs as they face increasing pressures, responsibilities and criticism from many sides. Examines issues, offers data, and provides insights that have never been presented in a book before concerning the inside world of IRBs: how they... More

PODCAST: Podcast from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International AffairsPublic Affairs | MAY 7, 2015 “Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. Although in 1974, the U.S. government established Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans, ethics violations persist. In this podcast from Carnegie Council, Robert Klitzman, director of the Masters of Bioethics Program at Columbia University, reflects on the ethical implications of using human beings for medical research. The transcript has been edited for clarity.”

Access the podcast

BOOKS: Klitzman, Robert. The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe. 1 edition. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. "Investigates the hidden world of IRBs as they face increasing pressures, responsibilities and criticism from many sides. Examines issues, offers data, and provides insights that have never been presented in a book before concerning the inside world of IRBs: how they make decisions and view the controversies they now face. Explores how the potential future risks vs. benefits of studies actually get weighed, what complexities and ambiguities arise, and how these are dealt with. Discusses how the quality of science in studies is assessed and weighed in relation to ethics, how conflicts of interest play out in science and ethics, and how government agencies, researchers, and universities all affect the ethical reviews of studies"

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Ethical Imperialism: Institutional Review Boards and the Social Sciences, 1965–2009 (BOOKS: Zachary Schrag 2010)

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The Handbook of Social Research Ethics (Books: Donna Mertens & Pauline E. Ginsberg 2008)

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Planning Ethically Responsible Research (Books: Joan Sieber & Martin Tolich 2012)

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Ethics in Qualitative Research (Books: Martyn Hammersley & Anna Traianou 2012)

Published/Released on May 15, 2012 | Posted by Admin on May 22, 2015 | Keywords: , , , , , , , ,

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Ethical Decision Making in Social Research (Books: Ron Iphofen 2009)

Published/Released on June 01, 2009 | Posted by Admin on May 22, 2015 | Keywords: , , , , ,

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