PODCAST: Podcast from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs, Public Affairs | MAY 7, 2015
“Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. Although in 1974, the U.S. government established Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans, ethics violations persist.
In this podcast from Carnegie Council, Robert Klitzman, director of the Masters of Bioethics Program at Columbia University, reflects on the ethical implications of using human beings for medical research. The transcript has been edited for clarity.”
BOOKS: Klitzman, Robert. The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe. 1 edition. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.
“Investigates the hidden world of IRBs as they face increasing pressures, responsibilities and criticism from many sides. Examines issues, offers data, and provides insights that have never been presented in a book before concerning the inside world of IRBs: how they make decisions and view the controversies they now face. Explores how the potential future risks vs. benefits of studies actually get weighed, what complexities and ambiguities arise, and how these are dealt with. Discusses how the quality of science in studies is assessed and weighed in relation to ethics, how conflicts of interest play out in science and ethics, and how government agencies, researchers, and universities all affect the ethical reviews of studies”