It will not be a surprise for researchers who regularly participate in multinational research, or research office staff, that there are differences in how countries approach research integrity. What might be a surprise is that there are differences between European Union countries.
In the past decade, policy‐makers in science have been concerned with harmonizing research integrity standards across Europe. These standards are encapsulated in the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity. Yet, almost every European country today has its own national‐level code of conduct for research integrity. In this study we document in detail how national‐level codes diverge on almost all aspects concerning research integrity—except for what constitutes egregious misconduct. Besides allowing for potentially unfair responses to joint misconduct by international collaborations, we argue that the divergences raise questions about the envisaged self‐regulatory function of the codes of conduct.
European code of conduct, professionalism, research integrity, research methodology, science policy, self‐regulation