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ResourcesResearch IntegrityRare trial of open peer review allays common concerns – Nature (Dalmeet Singh Chawla | February 2019)

Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Rare trial of open peer review allays common concerns – Nature (Dalmeet Singh Chawla | February 2019)

Published/Released on March 15, 2019 | Posted by Admin on March 6, 2019 / , , , ,
 


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Study suggests that making reviewers’ reports freely readable doesn’t compromise peer-review process.

These study results are indeed surprising and welcome for proponents for open science, but we agree with Dalmeet’s concluding comments: Publishers (and research institutions) need to do more to encourage peer review and to recognise the contribution made by peer reviewers.

A rare analysis of open peer review — in which reviews are posted alongside published papers — has overturned some common conceptions about the practice: notably, that it doesn’t put the reviewers off or affect their recommendations on whether to accept a paper.
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The analysis, published on 18 January in Nature Communications1, also indicates that open reviewers mostly prefer to remain anonymous, and that they don’t take any longer to complete reviews than in the conventional process.
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“I think the case for publishing peer reviews is quite clear in terms of transparency and accountability,” says Tony Ross-Hellauer, an information scientist at the Graz University of Technology in Austria who conducted a 2017 survey about open peer review. “In terms of clearing away some doubts about publishing peer reviews, I think this study is really good news.”
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