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ResourcesResearch IntegrityNeutralising fair credit: factors that influence unethical authorship practices (Brad S Trinkle et al 2017)

Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Neutralising fair credit: factors that influence unethical authorship practices (Brad S Trinkle et al 2017)

 


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This paper provides some valuable insights (albeit from only s US sample) for the design of research integrity professional development strategies for HDR candidates.

This study experimentally tests whether the techniques of neutralisation as identified in the criminal justice literature influence graduate student willingness to engage in questionable research practices (QRPs). Our results indicate that US-born graduate students are more willing to add an undeserved coauthor if the person who requests it is a faculty member in the student’s department as opposed to a fellow student. Students are most likely to add an undeserving author if a faculty member is also their advisor. In addition, four techniques of neutralisation, ‘diffusion of responsibility’, ‘defence of necessity’, ‘advantageous comparison’ and ‘euphemistic labelling’, are associated with student willingness to act unethically. Participants who had received responsible conduct of research training were no less likely to commit the violation than those who had not. Knowledge of these influencing factors for QRPs will provide for opportunities to improve research ethics education strategies and materials.
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Trinkle BS, Phillips T, Hall A, Moffatt B (2017) Neutralising fair credit: factors that influence unethical authorship practices. Journal of Medical Ethics Published Online First: 31 January 2017. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2015-103365
Publisher (open access): http://jme.bmj.com/content/early/2017/01/31/medethics-2015-103365



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