Following the rapidly evolving use of artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as large language models (LLMs) and generative chatbots, JAMA and the JAMA Network journals released guidance on the responsible use of these tools by authors and researchers in scholarly publishing.1,2 These policies preclude the inclusion of nonhuman AI tools as authors and require the transparent reporting of use of such tools in preparing manuscripts and other content and when used in research submitted for publication. In addition, submission and publication of clinical images created by AI tools is discouraged, unless part of formal research design or methods. In all such cases, authors must take responsibility for the integrity of the content generated by these models and tools.
JAMA has taken a more thoughtful approach to artificial intelligence systems (such as generative text systems like ChatGPT and image generation systems), they haven’t precluded or banned their use, but they do require authors to self-disclose their use and how they have used artificial intelligence in the creation of a paper. JAMA is more reluctant to use images created using artificial intelligence. This is an example that should be referred to institutional guidance for their research community about the responsible use of artificial intelligence. The implication here is that an output will be forcibly retracted if an author is found to have used such systems without disclosure.
Did you use AI, a language model, machine learning, or similar technologies to create or assist with creation or editing of any of the content in this submission (eg, text, tables, figures, video)? (Note: this does not include basic tools for checking grammar, spelling, references, etc.)
And those authors who answer yes to this question will be prompted to address 2 follow-up questions:
Please provide a description of the AI-generated content that is included in this submission and the name of the model or tool used, version and extension numbers, and manufacturer in the space below.
Please confirm that you take responsibility for the integrity of the content generated by these tools and that you have provided a description of such generated content and the name of the model or tool used, version and extension numbers, and manufacturer in the Acknowledgment or Methods section of the manuscript.
Free access; https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2807956