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ResourcesHuman Research EthicsEven without written codes, ethical standards for human research existed before World War II – The Conversation (Alison Bateman-House 2015)

Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Even without written codes, ethical standards for human research existed before World War II – The Conversation (Alison Bateman-House 2015)

 


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In his history of the Tuskegee syphilis study (formally known as the US Public Health Service Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male), historian James H Jones wrote:

[T]here was no system of normative ethics on human experimentation during the 1930s that compelled medical researchers to temper their scientific curiosity with respect for the patient’s rights.

The American Medical Association’s code of ethics did not address research on humans until 1946. The Nuremberg Code, often considered the foundational document of research ethics, dates from the 1947 verdict in the Doctors Trial – the military tribunal for German physicians on their participation in war crimes.

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