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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Ethical Imperialism? Exporting Research Ethics to the Global South (Books: Mark Israel | 2017)

 


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Abstract:
The global export of principlism forms part of international flows of capital, students and academics, knowledge and ideology. Multinational research teams have looked to those countries with lower risks of litigation, low labour costs, pharmacologically ‘naive’ participants, weak ethics review and the absence of other regulatory processes. As a result, research in low- and middle-income countries has burgeoned. As developing countries struggle to keep pace, the Helsinki and UNESCO Declarations have created regulatory templates and ca pa city-building initiatives have encouraged researchers in many developing countries to follow these models. Contemporary regulation in South Africa and Brazil has shadowed developments in the global North and extended biomedical regulation to all forms of research. Opposition to principlism is not simply targeted at insensitivity in application but challenges the universal basis for principlism, and calls for a deeper understanding of how different societies, cultures, peoples and disciplines understand ethics, research and ethical research.

Keywords:
research ethics; principlism; ethical imperialism; global South; low- and middle-income countries; South Africa; Brazil

Israel, M. (2017). Ethical Imperialism? Exporting Research Ethics to the Global South. In R. Iphofen & M. Tolich (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research Ethics. SAGE (in press). Pre-print version here.



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