Research institutions are responsible for promoting research integrity and handling allegations of research misconduct. Due to various cultural and social contexts, institutional policies from different cultural backgrounds exhibit many differences, such as their primary concern and mechanisms for dealing with allegations of research misconduct. This comparative study analyses research misconduct policies from 21 Chinese and 22 European universities. The results show that definitions of research misconduct from all retrieved policies go beyond fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism but include different types of questionable research practices. Their procedures for handling research misconduct differ in, for example, confidentiality and disclosure of conflict of interest. Differences can also be found in their governance approaches (“bottom-up” versus “top-down”).
research misconduct, research integrity, university policies, comparative study, FFP
Li, D., & Cornelis, G. (2020) Defining and Handling Research Misconduct: A Comparison Between Chinese and European Institutional Policies. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. 15(4):302-319. doi:10.1177/1556264620927628