Retraction is an essential procedure for correcting scientific literature and informing readers about articles containing significant errors or omissions. Ethical violations are one of the significant triggers of the retraction process. The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of retracted articles in the medical literature due to ethical violations.
Globally, Australia is a bit of an oddity in separating Research Ethics into Human Research Ethics and Research Integrity. Even though this open access paper, published in September from Korea, refers to Research Ethics problems, it actually discusses HRE breaches (ethics approval and consent) and RI breaches (peer review data management problems). The sample was medical papers published from around the globe. Given the degree to which the medical literature, any restrictions for serious ethical infractions are a serious concern.
A total of 177 articles were analyzed. The most retractions were detected in 2019 (n = 29) and 2012 (n = 28). The median time period between the articles’ first publication date and the date of retraction was 647 (0–4,295) days. The leading countries were China (n = 47), USA (n = 25), South Korea (n = 23), Iran (n = 14), and India (n = 12). The main causes of retraction were ethical approval issues (n = 65), data-related concerns (n = 51), informed consent issues (n = 45), and fake-biased peer review (n = 30).
Unethical behavior is one of the most significant obstacles to scientific advancement. Obtaining appropriate ethics committee approvals and informed consent forms is crucial in ensuring the ethical conduct of medical research. It is the responsibility of journal editors to ensure that raw data is controlled and peer review processes are conducted effectively. It is essential to educate young researchers on unethical practices and the negative outcomes that may result from them.
Kocyigit, BF., Akyol, A., Zhaksylyk, A., Seiil, B. & Yessirkepov, M. (2023) Analysis of Retracted Publications in Medical Literature Due to Ethical Violations. J Korean Med Sci. 38(40):e324. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2023.38.e324
Publisher (Open Access): https://www.jkms.kr/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2023.38.e324