In recent years, the integrity of our scientific research has been called into question by the popular press who has asked if the scientific method is flawed (Lehrer, 2010). This assertion has been examined by many researchers as well (e.g., Bedeian, Taylor, & Miller, 2010; Kepes & McDaniel, 2013; O’Boyle, Banks, & Gonzalez-Mulé, in press). These authors have argued that the current states of I-O psychology and management are flawed for several reasons. First, the theory fetish (Hambrick, 2007) in our field is making it nearly impossible to publish null results or replications, which has prevented us from developing solid theory (Cucina & McDaniel, 2016). Second, for academics, the necessity to publish for tenure, retention, promotion, raises, and so on encourages researchers to engage in questionable research practices (QRPs) if the obtained results do not align with a priori expectations or do not reach statistical significance (e.g., Banks, Rogelberg, Woznyj, Landis, & Rupp, 2016; O’Boyle et al.).
A recent article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist by Nicklin, Gibson, and Grand (2016) touched briefly on the prevalence and impact of QRPs on scientific research in its description of two separate panel discussions conducted at the annual conference for the Society for Industrial-Organizational Psychology (SIOP). This article responds to their call to continue the conversation and aims to extend their discussion by reviewing three common QRPs, discussing their prevalence, and outlining the ways in which they undermine our field, and science as a whole. We then discuss several ways which we as a field, and as individual researchers, may discourage QRPs, encourage transparency, and increase the integrity of our results.