Manipulation of the publication process is a relatively new form of misconduct affecting the publishing industry. This editorial describes what it is, why it is difficult for individual journal editors and publishers to handle and the background to the development of the new COPE guidelines on how to manage publication process manipulation.
These new guidelines represent an important first step towards encouraging openness and collaboration between publishers to address this phenomenon.
10 years ago, a retraction of an article was a rare thing. We know that the rate of journal retractions has been rising . It has been argued that the increasing number of journals and the ‘pressure to publish’ have been the driving unethical practices such as data falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism . There have been calls to address this by changing the way research success is measured, for example, by changing the way journal and article quality is measured and rewarded  in the hope that, by removing the pressure, unethical practices might decline.