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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Ethical Imperialism? Exporting Research Ethics to the Global South (Books: Mark Israel | 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on March 21, 2017
 

Abstract:
The global export of principlism forms part of international flows of capital, students and academics, knowledge and ideology. Multinational research teams have looked to those countries with lower risks of litigation, low labour costs, pharmacologically ‘naive’ participants, weak ethics review and the absence of other regulatory processes. As a result, research in low- and middle-income countries has burgeoned. As developing countries struggle to keep pace, the Helsinki and UNESCO Declarations have created regulatory templates and ca pa city-building initiatives have encouraged researchers in many developing countries to follow these models. Contemporary regulation in South Africa and Brazil has shadowed developments in the global North and extended biomedical regulation to all forms of research. Opposition to principlism is not simply targeted at insensitivity in application but challenges the universal basis for principlism, and calls for a deeper understanding of how different societies, cultures, peoples and disciplines understand ethics, research and ethical research.

Keywords:
research ethics; principlism; ethical imperialism; global South; low- and middle-income countries; South Africa; Brazil

Israel, M. (2017). Ethical Imperialism? Exporting Research Ethics to the Global South. In R. Iphofen & M. Tolich (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research Ethics. SAGE (in press). Pre-print version here.

Predictive Analytics in Higher Education: Five Guiding Practices for Ethical Use (Resources | March 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on March 9, 2017
 

Five Guiding Practices for Ethical Use

Contents
….Introduction
….Guiding Practice 1: Have a Vision and Plan
….Guiding Practice 2: Build a Supportive Infrastructure
….Guiding Practice 3: Work to Ensure Proper Use of Data
….Guiding Practice 4: Design Predictive Analytics Models and Algorithms that Avoid Bias
….Guiding Practice 5: Meet Institutional Goals and Improve Student Outcomes by Intervening with Care

Introduction
Colleges are under increasing pressure to retain their students. Federal and state officials are demanding that those who enter their public institutions— especially students from underrepresented groups— earn a degree. Over two dozen states disburse some state funding on how many students an institution graduates, rather than how many it enrolls. Students and families are more anxious than ever before about crossing the degree finish line, as the financial burden of paying for college has increased significantly in recent years. And retaining students is becoming more crucial to the university bottom line. As recruiting and educating students becomes increasingly expensive, colleges hope to balance the resources they use to recruit students with revenue generated when those students are retained.

Because of these pressures, institutions have begun analyzing demographic and performance data to predict whether a student will enroll at an institution, stay on track in her courses, or require support so that she does not fall behind. Using data in this way is known as predictive analytics. Analyzing past student data to predict what current and prospective students might do has helped institutions meet their annual enrollment and revenue goals with more targeted recruiting and more strategic use of institutional aid. Predictive analytics has also allowed colleges to better tailor their advising services and personalize learning in order to improve student outcomes

Manuela Ekowo and Iris Palmer (2017) Predictive Analytics in Higher Education: Five Guiding Practices for Ethical Use. New America. https://www.newamerica.org/education-policy/policy-papers/predictive-analytics-higher-education/

Listening to the Voices of the People: The Psychosocial Influences and Consequences of Research in Ethnocultural Communities (Books: Joseph Trimble, et al | 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on February 14, 2017
 

Abstract:
In the past three decades, there has been a dramatic increase in mental health research conducted among ethnic and nationalistic groups. As the interest has increased so have the concerns of many ethnocultural communities about research in general and the presence of researchers in their communities. The rising community concerns accompanied with the emergence of community-based research review committees presents extraordinary challenges for researchers – challenges that are only beginning to be fully and seriously acknowledged at methodological, procedural, and conceptual levels. The most important challenge though is the actual responsible conduct of researchers while they are in the field and the relationship they establish with their respondents. The chapter discusses the history of how research has been conducted in ethnocultural communities with the use of culturally inappropriate designs, methodology, and interpretation. Consequently, communities are now taking steps to protect themselves against the harm, which has come from the past abuses of research practices and the insensitivities of the researchers. Moreover, it is essential to educate ethnocultural communities about healing from the effects of past research and subsequently teach communities how to empower themselves in future research endeavors. Research can be beneficial to ethnocultural communities if appropriate measures are taken to ensure cultural responsiveness and solid grounding in the culturally unique lifeways and thoughtways of the communities.

Keywords: ethics; community empowerment; participatory action research; culturally sensitive research.

Trimble, J. E., Casillas, D. M., Boyd, B., & King, J. (2017). Listening to the Voices of the People: The Psychosocial Influences and Consequences of Research in Ethnocultural Communities. In Social Issues in Living Color: Challenges and Solutions from the Perspective of Ethnic Minority Psychology [3 volumes], 305. Praeger Books
Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Social-Issues-Living-Color-volumes/dp/1440833362
Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236671647_Listening_to_the_voices…

Call for Case Studies in Social Science Research Ethics0

Posted by Admin in on February 12, 2017
 

There is an ongoing debate about the nature of ethics and ethics review in the design, conduct and practice of social science research. As part of Sage’s collection of cases in research methods, Dr Nathan Emmerich is commissioning and editing a series of case studies in research ethics. These should be relatively succinct tales from the field, suitable for an undergraduate / postgraduate readership, and offer insight and guidance on the ethical conduct of research. Previous cases have addressed the challenges of getting ethical approval for research, the ethics of interviewing survivors of rape in post-conflict Rwanda and the construction of information sheets for the purposes of securing informed consent. Cases that address substantive issues and reflect the complexities of conducting research are of particular interest. Further details can be found here:
http://methods.sagepub.com/writeethicscase

To discuss a idea for a case please contact Nathan Emmerich at n.emmerich@qub.ac.uk

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