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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Where Are the Missing Coauthors? Authorship Practices in Participatory Research (Papers: Daniel Sarna-Wojcicki, et al | 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on May 30, 2017
 

Abstract

Originally marginal, participatory research has become an increasingly important methodology in the social, biophysical, and interdisciplinary sciences. The overall increase in publications based on participatory research has raised questions about crediting the contributions of nonacademic collaborators. Using qualitative and quantitative methods, we analyzed trends and patterns in authorship and acknowledgment practices in a sample of 262 journal articles reporting on participatory research on rural livelihoods published from 1975 to 2013. Six percent of the researchers recognized the intellectual contributions of their nonacademic collaborators with coauthorship and 51 percent with acknowledgment. Through interviews with lead authors of coauthored articles, we analyzed factors that shaped whether authorship was shared with nonacademic collaborators. Despite facing numerous barriers, researchers were motivated to coauthor in order to recognize intellectual contributions, practice research ethics, and work toward epistemic decolonization. We argue that coauthorship can be an important component of epistemic justice in participatory research and encourage participatory researchers to discuss authorship with their nonacademic collaborators as a routine component of engaged scholarship. We also note that nonacademics’ contributions to scientific knowledge need to be taken into account in understandings of the practice of science.

Sarna-Wojcicki D, Perret M, Eitzel MV, Fortmann L (2017) Where Are the Missing Coauthors? Authorship Practices in Participatory Research. Rural Sociology.
Publisher: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ruso.12156/full

Some Social Scientists Are Tired of Asking for Permission – The New York Times (Kate Murphy | May 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on May 25, 2017
 

Sometimes a change to national policy isn’t enough to alter institutional practice – especially when that practice has been entrenched for a few decades and is wrapped in institutional risk. This New York Times story highlights why there’s so much chatter around the change to the US ‘Common Rule’.

If you took Psychology 101 in college, you probably had to enroll in an experiment to fulfill a course requirement or to get extra credit. Students are the usual subjects in social science research — made to play games, fill out questionnaires, look at pictures and otherwise provide data points for their professors’ investigations into human behavior, cognition and perception.
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But who gets to decide whether the experimental protocol — what subjects are asked to do and disclose — is appropriate and ethical? That question has been roiling the academic community since the Department of Health and Human Services’s Office for Human Research Protections revised its rules in January.
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The revision exempts from oversight studies involving “benign behavioral interventions.” This was welcome news to economists, psychologists and sociologists who have long complained that they need not receive as much scrutiny as, say, a medical researcher.
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Read the rest of this discussion piece

Codes of Ethics for Economists: A Pluralist View (Papers: Sheila C Dow | 2013)0

Posted by Admin in on May 22, 2017
 

Abstract
Within the discussion of ethics and economics some have considered designing a code of ethics for economists. But the idea of such a code is potentially problematic from a pluralist standpoint. Some possibilities are discussed here to show that any code concerning the behaviour of economists presumes a particular view of human nature and thus of professionalism. Further, issues of socio-economic power in the profession pose problems for the interpretation and implementation of some possible principles, notably those referring to standards of competence and truth-seeking. It is therefore concluded that any code of ethics should take the form of general guidelines, with primacy given to the  ethics of pluralism: tolerance, even-handedness and open-mindedness, on which the interpretation of all other ethical
considerations rests.

Keywords:
Code of ethics, epistemology, pluralism

Dow S (2013) Codes of Ethics for Economists: A Pluralist View, Economic Thought, 2 (1), pp. 20-29.
Publisher  (open access): http://et.worldeconomicsassociation.org/papers/codes-of-ethics-for-economists-a-pluralist-view/

Controversies Surrounding Laud Humphreys’ Tearoom Trade: An Unsettling Example of Politics and Power in Methodological Critiques (Papers: Michael Lenza | 2004)0

Posted by Admin in on May 20, 2017
 

Abstract:
Argues that Humphrey’s tearoom trade study, misinforms readers as much as it informs, regarding moral and ethical foundations for research with human subjects. States that Humphrey’s tearoom study made significant positive contributions to the population he studied. Concludes that few studies in sociology have accomplished as much in a single work.

Keywords:
Political theory, Homosexuality, Sociology

Lenza M, (2004) Controversies surrounding Laud Humphreys’ tearoom trade: an unsettling example of politics and power in methodological critiques. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 24(3/4/5) pp.20-31 doi: 10.1108/01443330410790858
Publisher: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/01443330410790858

Tearoom Trade on Google Books

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