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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Increased Publication in Predatory Journals by Developing Countries’ Institutions: What it Entails? And What Can be Done? (Papers: Mulubrhan Balehegn | 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on April 15, 2017
 

ABSTRACT
Recently, there has been an alarming increase in the number of “academic” papers published in vanity journals and publishers. Such journals, dubbed predatory because their main objective is making money out of authors, compromise or completely abandon the peer review system. An increase in publishing with such journals, which is common in developing counties, will affect the quality of science, excellence, development, and individual researchers’ and institutions’ professional reputation. In this article, the author discusses strategies for individual researchers and institutions for identifying and discouraging publishing in predatory journals. Moreover, suggestions on how to deal with faculty who have published and already bestowed positions on the grounds of papers published in predatory journals are also given. Strategies and suggestions discussed in this article can provide insights to librarians and publication officers on how to curb the problem of predatory publications.

KEYWORDS: Academic promotion, predatory journals, publication fraud, zombie professors

Balehegn, M. (2017) Increased Publication in Predatory Journals by Developing Countries’ Institutions: What it Entails? And What Can be Done? International Information & Library Review.: 1-4 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10572317.2016.1278188
Publisher: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10572317.2016.1278188

Why Growing Retractions Are (Mostly) a Good Sign (Papers: Daniele Fanelli | 2013)0

Posted by Admin in on April 14, 2017
 

Summary Points

  • Corrections to scientific papers have been published for much longer than retractions, and show little sign of a recent increase.
  • The number of journals issuing retractions has grown dramatically in recent years, but the number of retractions per retracting-journal has not increased.
  • The number of queries and allegations made to the US Office of Research Integrity has grown, but the frequency of its findings of misconduct has not increased.
  • Therefore, the rising number of retractions is most likely to be caused by a growing propensity to retract flawed and fraudulent papers, and there is little evidence of an increase in the prevalence of misconduct.
  • Statistics on retractions and findings of misconduct are best used to make inferences about weaknesses in the system of scientific self-correction.

Research Integrity Series

This is one article in an occasional PLOS Medicine series on research integrity that examines issues affecting the ethics of health research worldwide.

Fanelli D (2013) Why Growing Retractions Are (Mostly) a Good Sign. PLoS Med 10(12): e1001563. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001563
Publisher (open access): http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1001563

Also see Publishing: Rise in retractions is a signal of integrity (Nature Correspondence | May 2014)

There are many features of forced retractions that you might find disturbing (e.g. their frequency and apparent increase in number) but in this 2013 open access paper Daniele Fanelli reflects on why, for the most part, the increase is a good thing.

COPE Research integrity Resources0

Posted by Admin in on April 13, 2017
 

“From our Code of Conduct and our Guidelines to useful sample letters and flowcharts, COPE offers a range of useful tools for journal editors and writers.”

  • Code of Conduct
  • Flowcharts
  • Guidelines
  • eLearning
  • Discussion documents
  • International standards for editors and authors
  • COPE digest
  • Seminars
  • Research
  • Resources and further reading
  • Sample letters
  • COPE Guide
  • Audit
  • Archive
  • FAQs

Access the archived resource material

Even though a few of the resources on this site haven’t been updated since 2013, there are some excellent video presentations from 2016. (Membership required to access the material).

Too Ethical to Get Ahead? – Inside High Ed (Colleen Flaherty | February 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on April 10, 2017
 

Study finds that physicists are more likely to describe women as ethical scientists, but in ways that potentially limit their productivity and competitiveness.

Being ethical is a good thing. Right? A new paper based on interviews with more than 100 physicists in the U.S. and Britain suggests that ethics may be holding women back in science.

While physicists “value science ethics,” it says, “conceptions of science ethics intersect with the masculine disciplinary culture in academic physics and become a locus that disadvantages female physicists.”

Read the rest of this discussion piece

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