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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

An Ethical Framework for the development and review of health research proposals involving humanitarian contexts, Enhanced Learning and Research for Humanitarian Action, Project Final Report0

Posted by Admin in on June 18, 2016

“The authors propose an ethical framework to 1) guide development of research designs and protocols intended for implementation in humanitarian crises and complex emergency contexts to help ensure their ethical viability, and 2) support ethical review of such protocols by independent ethical review bodies (REBs, IRBs), funders, and other organizations of interest, and 3) serve general educational purposes and enhance public understanding of the issues involved in and ethical principles guiding research in such settings. The framework is designed as a tool – offering a practical and easily implementable approach in which key ethical principles are considered in a clustered, hierarchical order. Implementation and assessment of the utility of this approach by researchers and by REBs/IRBs considering research protocols involving humanitarian crisis setting will guide further refinement of this ethical framework.”

Keywords: Evidence, Health, Principles & ethics, Research methodology

Agency: DFID – Department for International Development (UK), ELRHA – Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance

Curry D, Waldman R & Caplan A (2014) An Ethical Framework for the development and review of health research proposals involving humanitarian contexts, Enhanced Learning and Research for Humanitarian Action, Project Final Report.

Chronic Poverty Research Centre Methods Toolbox (Resources)0

Posted by Admin in on June 16, 2016

“Despite the growing consensus that poverty is multi-dimensional and complex, a lot of research is based on using approaches and methods that cannot capture a full picture. To deepen the understanding of poverty, much research needs to be multi-disciplinary and involve a mix of quantitative, qualitative and participatory approaches.

This toolbox provides a guide to the variety of approaches and methods available and how they can be mixed to produce both rigorous and policy relevant research. Through identifying further resources (and especially websites) where you can explore methodological tools and issues in greater detail, the toolbox allows researchers to check that their research designs reflect ‘good practice’.

The CPRC Methods toolbox is available to download in full, or by sections below. The document contains links that can be accessed by viewing the Toolbox online.”

Chronic Poverty Research Centre (2001) Chronic Poverty Research Centre Methods Toolbox.

Australian Council for International Development (ACFID) (2016) Principles and Guidelines for ethical research and evaluation in development0

Posted by Admin in on June 15, 2016

“This document is intended to promote and support improved development practice in the areas of research and evaluation, to raise awareness, and to assist in the identification of ethical issues so that well-considered decisions can be made and justified. Ethical principles are considered most important as ethical practice in research and evaluation relies on active self-reflection, discretion, judgement and appreciation of context.

“This document was prepared by Australian Council for International Development (ACFID), in consultation with its member organisations, academic partners and the ACFID University Network. It was developed to assist ACFID members and is aligned with the ACFID Code of Conduct. In particular, the principles proposed here have been developed in line with the values that underpin the work of ACFID members in aid and development represented in this Code of Conduct.

“The principles outlined here are based on and extend existing internationally recognised ethical research
principles and guidance for data collection with human participants. The extensions include an emphasis on cross-cultural elements, power relations, capacity building and understanding the ‘development’ imperative within research practice conducted with and through non-governmental organisations.

“While this document only presents principles, ACFID acknowledges the existing body of experience and
guidance around how these principles may be operationalized. Such guidance to assist with this understanding will be elaborated and offered through ongoing updates under the ACFID Code of Conduct Implementation Guidance. The guidance will incorporate the principles outlined here while offering advice on obtaining informed consent, privacy and confidentiality, assessing, minimising and managing risks as well as guidance on how to support ethical research practice with particular vulnerable groups including children, people living with a disability etc. This guidance is expected to be updated on an annual basis through consultation with ACFID members”

Access the Principles and Guidelines

A Critique of Current Practice: Ten Foundational Guidelines for Autoethnographers (Martin Tolich 2010)0

Posted by Admin in on June 3, 2016

Abstract: Any research is potentially compromised when researchers address ethical issues retrospectively rather than by anticipating these issues. In this regard, creative analytical practices (CAP) autoethnography has endemic problems. In Part 1 of this article, I detail a case study of an autoethnography in which journal reviewers insisted that an author gain retrospective informed consent from the 23 persons documented in an autoethnography. Yet the journal reviewers’ insistence failed to go one step further—acknowledging that a conflict of interest develops when gaining consent retrospectively. In Part 2, I contrast three leading autoethnographers’ justifications for not gaining informed consent with the Position Statement on Qualitative Research developed by successive Congresses of Qualitative Inquiry. In Part 3, I identify resources available for autoethnographers, including ethical issues present when researchers use autoethnography to heal themselves, violating the internal confidentiality of relational others. In Part 4, I question if autoethnography is research and, like journalism, exempt from formal ethics review. Throughout the article, 10 foundational ethical considerations for autoethnographers are developed, taking autoethnographers beyond procedural ethics and providing tools for their ethics in practice.

Keywords: ethics / moral perspectives; ethnography; photography / photovoice; research, qualitative

Tolich (2010) A Critique of Current Practice: Ten Foundational Guidelines for Autoethnographers. Qualitative Health Research. 20(12):1599-610. doi: 10.1177/1049732310376076.