(US) Harvard eye researchers have eight papers retracted for lack of ethical approval – Retraction Watch (Adam Marcus | March 2022)
Prior to the nineties (and we’re being generous here), health researchers might be forgiven for forgetting research ethics review. Saying nothing about research ethics being an integral part of their research design. But those days are long past. Without ethics approval, we can only speculate about matters such as consent for the research (discrete from consent for the clinical procedure) and beneficence considerations.