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When ghosts plagiarise – ABC News (Brian Martin 2008)0

Posted by Admin in on January 14, 2016

“Plagiarism is commonly seen as a grievous scholarly sin – as a form of cheating. Most attention is focused on students. Some universities have adopted text-matching software such as Turnitin to detect and deter plagiarism. Students have little recourse when caught out.

But when a prominent figure is accused of plagiarism, the dynamics can be rather different. Julie Bishop, former minister of education and now deputy leader of the opposition, is listed as the author of a chapter in a new book edited by Peter van Onselen titled Liberals and Power. Passages in the chapter were taken, without acknowledgement, from a speech by New Zealand businessman Roger Kerr.

Bishop’s chief of staff Murray Hansen generously took responsibility. He said he had written Bishop’s chapter and had committed the plagiarism. But if Hansen wrote the chapter, why was Bishop listed as the author?”

Brian Martin. When ghosts plagiarise. ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation), 31 October 2008, On the plagiarism by the ghostwriter for politican Julie Bishop.

Credit where it’s due – Campus Review (Brian Martin 1997)0

Posted by Admin in on January 14, 2016

“Getting appropriate credit for one’s work sometimes can be a difficult, drawn-out affair. This has special significance for junior or marginal researchers, such as PhD students, research assistants and junior research fellows.

In 1943, Albert Schatz was a young PhD student consumed with finding a drug that could be used against the deadly disease tuberculosis. He discovered the antibiotic streptomycin and was first author of publications reporting it. The head of the lab where Schatz worked, Selman Waksman, then began to take more of the credit, highlighting his own role to reporters while not mentioning that Schatz was in the same building. Schatz and Waksman jointly signed the patent for streptomycin. Schatz found out a few years later that Waksman had a secret agreement to provide information to a pharmaceutical company and was receiving large royalties from the patent. Schatz sued and was declared co-discoverer with a small share of the royalties. Waksman’s self-promotion paid off not just in money but also in scientific fame when he–but not Schatz–received the 1952 Nobel Prize for medicine. It turned out that the Nobel committee had never heard of Schatz. Only in the past decade have historians begun recognising his role.[1]

In day-to-day research the stakes are seldom as high as this, but the passions aroused by claims over credit are just as acute. Credit is, after all, the basis for getting recognition, jobs, promotions and awards.”

Brian Martin. Academic credit where it’s due. Campus Review, Vol. 7, No. 21, 4-10 June 1997, p. 11.

Plagiarism: a misplaced emphasis (Papers: Brian Martin 1994)0

Posted by Admin in on January 14, 2016

Abstract: Plagiarism is conventionally seen as a serious breach of scholarly ethics, being a theft of credit for ideas in a competitive intellectual marketplace. This emphasis overlooks the vast amount of institutionalized plagiarism, including ghostwriting and attribution of authorship to bureaucratic elites. There is a case for reducing the stigma for competitive plagiarism while exposing and challenging the institutionalized varieties.

Brian Martin. Plagiarism: a misplaced emphasis. Journal of Information Ethics, Vol. 3, No. 2, Fall 1994, pp. 36-47. On the over-emphasis on competitive plagiarism and the neglect of institutionalised plagiarism.

Plagiarism by university students: the problem and some proposals – Tertangala (Brian Martin 1992).0

Posted by Admin in on January 14, 2016

“Plagiarism — the use of other people’s words or ideas without giving proper credit — is only one part of the general problem of cheating. Anecdotal evidence as well as a few studies suggest that student cheating is much more widespread than usually recognised. (Although exams are thought to prevent cheating more than essays, actually the rate of cheating on exams may be higher than for any other assessment mode.)

Most cheating is undetected. For every student caught plagiarising, it is almost certain that many more plagiarisers escape detection.

Elimination of plagiarism by detection and penalties is labour-intensive and ultimately impossible. One article recommends that, to detect plagiarism, each essay be read four times. But this only picks up copying from published sources; copying from other essays, or false authorship of essays, is seldom detectable or provable.”

Brian Martin. Plagiarism by university students: the problem and some proposals. Tertangala, 20 July – 3 August 1992, p. 20.