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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Psychological Research Online: Opportunities and Challenges (Paper: Robert Kraut 2003)0

Posted by Admin in on May 29, 2015

PAPER: Kraut, Robert et al (2003) Psychological Research Online: Opportunities and Challenges. Psychological Research, 412, 268-7694.

As the Internet has changed communication, commerce, and the distribution of information, so too it is changing psychological research. Psychologists can observe new or rare phenomena online and can do research on traditional psychological topics more efficiently, enabling them to expand the scale and scope of their research. Yet these opportunities entail risk both to research quality and to human subjects. Internet research is inherently no more risky than traditional observational, survey or experimental methods. Yet the rapidly changing nature of technology, norms, and online behavior means that the risks and safeguards against them will differ from those characterizing traditional research and will themselves change over time. This paper describes some benefits and challenges of conducting psychological research via the Internet and offers recommendations to both researchers and Institutional Review Boards for dealing with the challenges.

‘Place-hacker’ prosecution ‘attack on intellectual freedom’ (Times Higher Ed, David Matthews 2014)0

Posted by Admin in on May 29, 2015

Oxford academic at centre of case says ‘clearly punitive investigation’ undermined ethnographic research   

“A University of Oxford academic who was discharged after being prosecuted for his involvement with a group that explores “off-limits” parts of cities has labelled the case against him an “attack on intellectual freedom” which has cost the taxpayer hundreds of thousands of pounds.

“Bradley Garrett accompanied the “place hackers” as they scaled London skyscrapers including The Shard and explored abandoned Tube stations as part of his PhD research.

“He was one of a group of nine people who were charged with conspiracy to commit criminal damage and faced a Crown Court case in which the prosecution brought in a Queen’s Counsel.”

Declaration of Helsinki0

Posted by Admin in on May 29, 2015

Despite its limited utility outside of some health/science research (e.g. pharmacological clinical trials) the WMA Declaration of Helsinki remains the international reference point for the governance of ethical conduct in human research.

Adopted by the 18th WMA General Assembly, Helsinki, Finland, June 1964
and amended by the:

29th WMA General Assembly, Tokyo, Japan, October 1975
35th WMA General Assembly, Venice, Italy, October 1983
41st WMA General Assembly, Hong Kong, September 1989
48th WMA General Assembly, Somerset West, Republic of South Africa, October 1996
52nd WMA General Assembly, Edinburgh, Scotland, October 2000
53rd WMA General Assembly, Washington DC, USA, October 2002 (Note of Clarification added)
55th WMA General Assembly, Tokyo, Japan, October 2004 (Note of Clarification added)
59th WMA General Assembly, Seoul, Republic of Korea, October 2008
64th WMA General Assembly, Fortaleza, Brazil, October 2013

TGA Clinical trial arrangements0

Posted by Admin in on May 29, 2015

This TGA web site provides information, forms and resources relating to the TGA’s CTN and CTX schemes as well key information about the appropriate design, ethical review and conduct of clinical trials. It is essential reading for trial sponsors, clinicians, research ethics/governance officers and the members of ethics committees that review clinical trials.

Also included below are links to other useful TGA material.

Clinical trial arrangements
Human Research Ethics Committees and the therapeutic goods legislation
Access to unapproved therapeutic goods – Clinical trials in Australia