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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

(COPE) Core practices0

Posted by Admin in on December 18, 2017

“COPE’s role is to assist editors of scholarly journals and publishers/owners – as well as other parties, such as institutions and funders, albeit less directly – in their endeavor to preserve and promote the integrity of the scholarly record through policies and practices that reflect the current best principles of transparency, as well as integrity. COPE’s new recommendations are intended to reflect these aims, in a practical way. COPE have therefore reviewed the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Editors and have consolidated them into one, much shorter, document entitled “Core Practices”. [Available to download as an A4 poster.]

The core practices page includes links to COPE resources.

COPE’s Core Practices should be considered alongside specific national and international codes of conduct for research and is not intended to replace them.

Background to why the Code of Conduct for Journal Editors has been replaced with the Core Practices...”

Allegations of misconduct
Authorship and contributorship
Complaints and appeals
Conflicts of interest/Competing interests
Data and reproducibility
Ethical oversight
Intellectual property
Journal management
Peer review processes
Post-publication discussions and corrections

Access the full statement of the COPE core practices 

Artificial intelligence in peer review: How can evolutionary computation support journal editors? (Papers: Maciej J. Mrowinski, et al | September 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on December 15, 2017


With the volume of manuscripts submitted for publication growing every year, the deficiencies of peer review (e.g. long review times) are becoming more apparent. Editorial strategies, sets of guidelines designed to speed up the process and reduce editors’ workloads, are treated as trade secrets by publishing houses and are not shared publicly. To improve the effectiveness of their strategies, editors in small publishing groups are faced with undertaking an iterative trial-and-error approach. We show that Cartesian Genetic Programming, a nature-inspired evolutionary algorithm, can dramatically improve editorial strategies. The artificially evolved strategy reduced the duration of the peer review process by 30%, without increasing the pool of reviewers (in comparison to a typical human-developed strategy). Evolutionary computation has typically been used in technological processes or biological ecosystems. Our results demonstrate that genetic programs can improve real-world social systems that are usually much harder to understand and control than physical systems.

Mrowinski MJ, Fronczak P, Fronczak A, Ausloos M, Nedic O (2017) Artificial intelligence in peer review: How can evolutionary computation support journal editors? PLoS ONE 12(9): e0184711. Publisher (open access);

Like many thoughtful conversations about artificial intelligence and research outputs the point here is how smart systems can assist peer reviewers not replace them.


COPE Discussion document: Who “owns” peer reviews?0

Posted by Admin in on December 13, 2017

“This document aims to stimulate discussion about ownership rights in peer reviewer reports. Here we set out some of the issues that have arisen in previous discussions around peer review, some of which are specific to various models of peer review. We hope that the concepts discussed assist journal editors and publishers in establishing guidelines and clear policies for handling issues surrounding who owns peer reviews. COPE welcomes additional comments from journal editors, reviewers, researchers, institutions, funders and third party services on this subject…”

Read the rest of this discussion piece

What changed? Transparency in a table to highlight the value of peer review – Crosstalk (Deborah Sweet | September 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on December 9, 2017

At Cell Press, we’re all very committed to the value of peer review and the role it plays in the effective and accurate communication of science.

So we’re always excited when Peer Review Week comes around, as it’s a great opportunity to highlight that value and recognize all the important work that peer reviewers do. This year is no exception, and on top of general recognition, we’ve also been thinking more specifically about this year’s Peer Review Week theme of transparency in peer review.

As reviewers and editors, we have a front row seat for seeing how much papers change and improve as a result of peer review. Some papers, of course, move through from submission to publication with very few changes, but we find that in many (most) cases reviewers and editors make constructive suggestions that help to shore up what’s shown, fill in logical gaps, address inconsistencies, or improve the interest and relevance of the work by enhancing the level of insight.

Read the rest of this discussion piece