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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Two-thirds of researchers report ‘pressure to cite’ in Nature poll – Nature (Dalmeet Singh Chawla | October 2019)0

Posted by Admin in on October 7, 2019

Readers say they have been asked to reference seemingly superfluous studies after peer review.

An online poll answered by more than 4,300 Nature readers suggests that most researchers have felt pressured by peer reviewers to cite studies in their papers that seem unnecessary.

Readers were asked, ‘Have you ever felt pressured by peer reviewers to cite seemingly superfluous studies in your work?’, to which 66% responded ‘yes’ and 34% said ‘no’ (see ‘Coercive citation?’).

The poll accompanied a news story last month, which revealed that the Dutch publisher Elsevier had found a small proportion of academics reviewing papers for its journals were exploiting the review process by asking authors to reference the reviewers’ own papers in exchange for a positive report.

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Peer Review (NHMRC An Australian Code (2018) good practice guide | August 2019)0

Posted by Admin in on September 30, 2019

A guide supporting the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research


1. Introduction 1

2. Peer review 1

3. Responsibilities of institutions 2
3.1 Support peer review 2
3.2 Provide training for researchers 2

4. Responsibilities of researchers 2
4.1 Participate in peer review 2
4.2 Conduct peer review responsibly 2
…v4.2.1 Respect confidentiality 3
..4.2.2 Disclose interests and manage conflicts of interest 3
4.3 Avoid interference in the peer review process 3
4.4 Mentor trainees in peer review 4
4.5 Engage in relevant training
4 5. Breaches of the Code 4

Additional Resources 4

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Peer Review Week – the Podcast and the Videos! – Scholarly Kitchen (Alice Meadows | September 2019)0

Posted by Admin in on September 28, 2019

September 16-20th 2019 was Peer Review week.  The lovely folk at Scholarly Kitchen have posted a short video and community resources.  We have included links to a further 25 useful items.

We’re delighted to end this year’s Peer Review Week celebrations by sharing some great community resources that you can use all year round! The Peer Review Week channel on YouTube features short videos by researchers, editors, publishers, and others on the theme of quality in peer review, and there’s also a 60 second podcast on Peer Review Week by Sense about Science Director, Tracey Brown, OBE. Until next year … enjoy!

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How to Be A Good Peer Reviewer – Scholarly Kitchen (Jasmine Wallace | September 2019)0

Posted by Admin in on September 25, 2019

In my experience, the streamlined process of peer review is complicated when reviewers with good intentions do bad things. A reviewer who does bad things displays behaviors that slow down or lessen the effectiveness of peer review. A good peer reviewer displays efficient behaviors and adds value to the process. The good thing about a reviewer who does bad things is that they can change. There are quite a few ways to shift bad behaviors and habits of reviewers to become not just good, but great peer reviewers.

Mind the Time

Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. Seriously, good reviewers do not keep a fellow peer waiting longer than needed to receive their review. Keep in mind that your review is holding their work from progressing. Some people have been working for years to get their research “peer review” ready. Their blood, sweat, and tears have gone into the work you’ve been asked to evaluate.

When you get the initial invitation to review, make note of the deadline. Pull out your calendar and check to see if you can realistically return a fair and sound assessment of the work in the allotted time. If the deadline is not reasonable, don’t be afraid to ask for an extension.

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