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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Japan, Taiwan taking closer look at fraud — and how to stop it – Retraction Watch (Alison McCook | March 20170

Posted by Admin in on April 1, 2017
 

Two countries have recently announced plans to learn more about research misconduct, with the goal of preventing it from happening in the first place.

In Japan, the effort takes the form of a joint study group among six universities, which will interview researchers who have engaged in misconduct to discover patterns and common factors for their wrongdoing. In Taiwan, the government recently announced plans to establish an Office of Research Integrity, based on the version in the U.S., to investigate alleged cases of misconduct.

Here’s more about the new Taiwan office, from the Taipei Times:

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Human Research Ethics Co-ordinator (Social and Interdisciplinary Science) – Job vacancy CSIRO0

Posted by Admin in on March 20, 2017
 

  • Do you have a sound understanding and interest in human ethics research principles?
  • Are you able to provide high-level support and advice to a diverse range of research projects?
  • A rare part-time opportunity to job share in this strategic role!

The Position:
The Human Research Ethics Coordinator (SIS) provides leadership and support to CSIRO staff in their attendance to ethical research activity and assists with the ethical review and approval processes for social and interdisciplinary research within CSIRO. The HREC Co-ordinator (SIS) works closely with the Executive Manager Social Responsibility and Ethics and receives administrative support from the Ethics Administration Officer.

This part-time position (30 hours per fortnight), would ideally suit an experienced research ethics administrator or mid-career research scientist with an interest in human research ethics. The role provides an opportunity to broaden your experience, gain exposure to, and provide design input, support and advice to a diverse range of research projects in relation to human ethics.

View the position description and application process on the CSIRO web site
View the SEEK listing

Long-Sought Research Deregulation Is Upon Us. Don’t Squander the Moment – The Chronicle of Higher Education (Richard A. Shweder and Richard E. Nisbett | March 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on March 19, 2017
 

We can’t help but feel that the revision of the US Common Rule was a missed opportunity to reflect on how institutions should replace IRB control through review with an approach that aims at building reflective ethical practice. Given past patterns of exporting US regulatory approaches to other parts of the world, many more jurisdictions may come to regret this.

It has been a 40-year labor: Regulatory systems are not easy to undo. Nevertheless, in January the federal government opened the door for universities to deregulate vast portions of research in the social sciences, law, and the humanities. This long-sought and welcome reform of the regulations requiring administrative oversight of federally funded human-subject research on college campuses limits the scope of institutional review board, or IRB, management by exempting low-risk research with human subjects from the board’s review.
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The new regulations state: “We acknowledge that guidance may be useful for interpreting some of the terms in this exemption, and that some cases will be debatable. However, we also believe that a substantial number of research activities will plainly fit this exemption, and should be allowed to proceed without IRB review.”
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The exempted research activities include surveys, interviews, and other forms of free communication between researchers and human adults, aptitude testing, the observation and recording of verbal and nonverbal behavior in schools and public places (for example, courtrooms), benign behavioral interventions (including ordinary psychology experiments), secondary-data analysis, and other low-risk projects and research procedures.
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Everything You Need to Know About Conflicts of Interest (Part I) – Psychology Today (Sara Gorman & Jack M. Gorman | January 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on March 18, 2017
 

Is transparency the only solution?

In September of 2016, a shocking expose in The New York Times revealed that everything we thought we knew about sugar, fat, and heart disease was wrong. And not only was it wrong, but the information we had been using to guide our decisions about what to eat and what to feed our kids had been manipulated in what can only be described as a conspiracy between scientists and the sugar industry.

Needless to say, people were outraged. As one reader of The New York Times article commented, “This was a conspiracy of scientific FRAUD. The sugar companies that did this should be sued for $BILLIONS for the health harm that they caused.” It wasn’t long before comparisons to the tobacco industry started: “Sugar is the new tobacco and has been for a while. The article is just the tip of the iceberg,” commented another NYT reader.

And then, in the midst of election season, came the conspiracy theories: “FYI.. Hillary very well funded by Big Sugar so you can bet nothing will happen as a result of these findings. With Hillary in the White House, we’ll all be eating cake anyway- It’s a win win for everyone!”

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This is Part I of this series
Go to Part II of this series
Go to Part III of this series*

* Part III doesn’t really discuss Conflicts of interest in research of any CoI so though we link to it here we’ve not included Part III in the Resource Library

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