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Does ResearchGate Emerge Unscathed, or Even Strengthened? – Scholarly Kitchen (Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe | October 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on November 7, 2017
 

Editor’s Note: Today’s post is from Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe. Lisa is the Professor/Coordinator for Information Literacy Services and Instruction in the University Library and an affiliate faculty member in the School of Information Sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She served as the 2010-2011 President of the Association of College and Research Libraries.

Does your professional development for HDR candidates and early career researchers discuss ResearchGate? Given the complexity and legal manoeuvring perhaps it should.

ResearchGate is under assault. As a scholarly collaboration platform that enables both public and private sharing on a networked scale, ResearchGate is seen as dangerous, not only because it is potentially infringing copyright, but because it is doing so on a massive publisher-independent scale. A group of publishers tried to tame ResearchGate through a proposal that it endorse the STM Voluntary Principles on Article Sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks and implement antipiracy measures, but ResearchGate rejected this proposal. Though ResearchGate now faces the threat of thousands of takedown notices and a lawsuit, it is positioned to emerge at least unscathed, if not strengthened, from these assaults.
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I’ve documented the timeline and major activities of #ResearchGateGate elsewhere. Now, I’d like to draw out possible inferences and implications for the future of ResearchGate in particular and the state of scholarly sharing more generally. My analysis here is informed by an interview with James Milne, Chair of the Coalition for Responsible Sharing (conducted on October 18) as well as my own experiences as a scholar with a profile on ResearchGate and as a librarian who teaches the “Manage Your Online Scholarly Identity to Maximize the Reach and Impact of Your Work” workshop at my university.
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‘World-class universities’ – The accountability gap – University World News (Paul Benneworth | October 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on November 5, 2017
 

It is interesting to see the ‘world-class university’ wrestling with some of the tensions that exist when they try to justify themselves on anything more than their own excellence. The original model proposed by Jamil Salmi a decade ago was valued for its ability to bring prestige to the host country through its research excellence and talent attraction rather than being valued for its wider public benefits.

An article about how rarely the socially marginalised can influence universities’ research agendas, especially in the face of corporate and government interests. We slotted this into the human research ethics category but such matters really better fits at a level above the bureaucratic domains assigned to human research ethics, research integrity, biosafety, etc.

Last week, Lin Tian, Yan Wu and Niancai Liu reflected in University World News on the potential that ‘world-class universities’ or WCUs offer to drive societal development beyond merely creating human capital. In their article, “A shift to the global common good in higher education”, they argue that world-class universities make valuable contributions to the public common good, mobilising collective, shared endeavours that benefit all participants.
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Service mission
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(Australia) Caught Our Notice: Ethics, data concerns prompt another retraction for convicted researchers – Retraction Watch (Alison Abritis | November 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on November 4, 2017
 

Title: Unravelling the influence of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) on cognitive-linguistic processing: A comparative group analysis

What Caught our Attention: RW readers might already be familiar with Caroline Barwood and Bruce Murdoch, two researchers from Australia who had the rare distinction of being criminally charged for research misconduct. Both Barwood and Murdoch received suspended sentences after being found guilty of multiple counts of fraud. In September 2014, University of Queensland announcedthat:

“UQ subsequently examined 92 papers published since 2007 by former staff members Bruce Murdoch and Caroline Barwood. The examination did not reveal any other instances of research not supported by primary data or of research undertaken without ethics approval.

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Also see
(07/01/17) Remaining fraud charges withdrawn for Parkinson’s… – Retraction Watch
(9/11/16) Tougher action needed in the fight against… – The Conversation
(26/10/2016) Academic misconduct claims: Fresh call for national body – The Australian
(25/10/16) Parkinson’s researcher avoids jail following… – Retraction Watch
(24/10/16) Australian court finds Parkinson’s researcher guilty of fraud – Retraction Watch
(17/10/16) Parkinson’s researcher in Australia pleads not… – Retraction Watch
(14/10/16) Parkinson’s researcher with three retractions heads to court… – Retraction Watch

(21/07/16)  4th retraction for neuroscientist sentenced for fraud – Retraction Watch
(31/03/16) Bruce Murdoch: Former University of Queensland professor given suspended… – Courier Mail

 

Ethics, human rights and responsible innovation – The Ethics Blog (Josepine Fernow | October 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on November 3, 2017
 

It is difficult to predict the consequences of developing and using new technologies. We interact with smart devices and intelligent software on an almost daily basis. Some of us use prosthetics and implants to go about our business and most of us will likely live to see self-driving cars. In the meantime, Swedish research shows that petting robot cats looks promising in the care of patients with dementia. Genetic tests are cheaper than ever, and available to both patients and consumers. If you spit in a tube and mail it to a US company, they will tell you where your ancestors are from. Who knows? You could be part sub Saharan African, and part Scandinavian at the same time, and (likely) still be you.

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