ACN - 101321555 Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Resource Library

Research Ethics MonthlyAbout Us


Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

(Australian and New Zealand case with international coauthors) Big journal, big correction (Alison Abritis | February 2018)0

Posted by Admin in on February 25, 2018

Title: Tranexamic Acid in Patients Undergoing Coronary-Artery Surgery

What Caught Our Attention: When the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) publishes a correction that is more than a misspelling of a name, we take a look. When NEJM publishes a 500-word correction to the data in a highly cited article, we take notice. This study tested the effects of a drug to prevent blood loss in patients undergoing heart surgery; it’s been the subject of correspondence between the authors and outside experts. The correction involved tweaks — lots of tweaks — to the text and tables, which did not change the outcomes.  

Journal: New England Journal of Medicine

Read the rest of this retraction notice

Tech’s Ethical ‘Dark Side’: Harvard, Stanford and Others Want to Address It – The New York Times (Natashas Singerfeb | February 2018)0

Posted by Admin in on February 22, 2018

PALO ALTO, Calif. — The medical profession has an ethic: First, do no harm.

Silicon Valley has an ethos: Build it first and ask for forgiveness later.

Now, in the wake of fake news and other troubles at tech companies, universities that helped produce some of Silicon Valley’s top technologists are hustling to bring a more medicine-like morality to computer science.

This semester, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are jointly offering a new course on the ethics and regulation of artificial intelligence. The University of Texas at Austin just introduced a course titled “Ethical Foundations of Computer Science” — with the idea of eventually requiring it for all computer science majors.

Read the rest of this discussion piece

Historians Blast Polish Law on Nazi-Era Scholarship – Inside Higher Ed (Scott Jaschik | February 2018)0

Posted by Admin in on February 17, 2018

This isn’t the first time in the last twelve months that politicians have used their position to dismiss scientific or historical evidence, but the parallels to the time period in question are very troubling.

The American Historical Association has condemned a new law in Poland that makes it a crime to write or speak “publicly and contrary to the facts, that the Polish Nation or the Republic of Poland is responsible or co-responsible for Nazi crimes committed by the Third Reich.” Many prominent scholars have written over the years that while some Polish citizens and leaders fought the Nazis, others helped them. The AHA has already has expressed concern to the Polish government about Jan T. Gross, a professor of history at Princeton University, who was facing a libel investigation from Polish authorities for publishing historical accounts of Poles killing Jews during World War II. The new statement from the AHA quotes from a letter sent about the Gross case, which noted the movement to enact the legislation that has now become law.

Read the rest of this news  item

Why scientists need to do more about research fraud – The Guardian (Richard P Grant | January 2018)0

Posted by Admin in on February 14, 2018

Scientific misconduct is more than just an academic problem – it has repercussions for real people

About 10 years ago, in my lab rat days, I moved to a large structural biology lab. As a cell biologist I had a different skillset to my new colleagues, and my new boss asked to me tackle a problem that had been eluding the rest of the lab. This was to replicate the result of an experiment performed by our cell-biological collaborators across the road.

A great story and, while often said, bears repeating

I approached the challenge with the enthusiasm of a new starter. I was soon able to show results proving I had the system up and running, with positive and negative controls all doing the right thing.
But trying it for real, I just as quickly got stuck. I repeated the experiment countless times over the coming months, varying this and that parameter and trying different cell lines and farting around with different sequences, and never once managed to achieve the intended result.

Read the rest of this discussion piece