ACN - 101321555 Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)
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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Chinese courts call for death penalty for researchers who commit fraud – STAT News (Ivan Oransky and Adam Marcus | June 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on June 27, 2017

An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth — a life for a lab book?

In the past few months, China has announced two new crackdowns on research misconduct — one of which could lead to executions for scientists who doctor their data.

Scientists have been sounding alarms for years about the integrity of research in China. One recent survey estimated that 40 percent of biomedical papers by Chinese scholars were tainted by misconduct. Funding bodies there have in the past announced efforts to crack down on fraud, including clawing back moneyfrom scientists who cheat on their grants.

Read  the  rest of this discussion piece
Also see
Continuing allegations of research misconduct require system reform
Four in 10 biomedical papers out of China are tainted by misconduct, says new survey
(China) Record retractions put focus on research misconduct

Ethical Research Protocols for Social Media Health Research (Papers: Adrian Benton, et al | 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on June 18, 2017

Social media have transformed datadriven research in political science, the social sciences, health, and medicine. Since health research often touches on sensitive topics that relate to ethics of treatment and patient privacy, similar ethical considerations should be acknowledged when using social media data in health research. While much has been said regarding the ethical considerations of social media research, health research leads to an additional set of concerns. We provide practical suggestions in the form of guidelines for researchers working with social media data in health research. These guidelines can inform an IRB proposal for researchers new to social media health research.

Benton A, Coppersmith G & Dredze M (2017) Ethical Research Protocols for Social Media Health Research. Proceedings of the First Workshop on Ethics in Natural Language Processing, pages 94–102, Valencia, Spain, April 4th, 2017.

ScottisH Informatics Programme – SHIP0

Posted by Admin in on June 8, 2017

SHIP is a Scotland-wide research platform for collating, managing, disseminating and analysing Electronic Patient Records (EPRs). Cute but wonderfully clear animation about role of data custodians, indexers, safe havens in managing data ethically. Almost a case study on how to explain complex research well. And, it’s narrated by Brian Cox.

SHIP is an ambitious, Scotland-wide research platform for the collation, management, dissemination and analysis of Electronic Patient Records (EPRs). The programme brings together the Universities of Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow and St Andrews with the Information Services Division (ISD) of NHS Scotland.
SHIP is funded by the Wellcome Trust, the Medical Research Council and the Economic and Social Research Council and aims to:

  • Provide access to an exciting new national research facility, firmly embedded within and supported by NHS Scotland, providing the basis for numerous future studies using EPRs.

Read more about SHIP

Expert perspectives on ethics review of international data-intensive research: Working towards mutual recognition (Papers: Edward S Dove & Chiara Garattini | June 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on June 6, 2017

Life sciences research is increasingly international and data-intensive. Researchers work in multi-jurisdictional teams or formally established research consortia to exchange data and conduct research using computation of multiple sources and volumes of data at multiple sites and through multiple pathways. Despite the internationalization and data intensification of research, the same ethics review process as applies to single-site studies in one country tends to apply to multi-site studies in multiple countries. Because of the standard requirement for multi-jurisdictional or multi-site ethics review, international research projects are subjected to multiple ethics reviews of the same research protocol. Consequently, the reviews may be redundant and resource-consuming, whilst the opinions delivered by ethics committees may be inconsistent both within and across jurisdictions. In this article, we present findings based on interviews conducted with international experts in research ethics on the topic of ethics review mutual recognition. We explore the issues associated with ethics committee review of multi-jurisdictional data-intensive research projects, identifying current problems, real-life experiences, and potential solutions that are both bottom-up (via researchers, participants and publics) and top-down (via statutory regulation), as well as challenges in achieving both. On the whole, participants recommended multiple changes to the current ethics review regime for data-intensive international research with the aim of reducing inefficiency and inconsistency. But, the changes recommended differ in terms of degree and scope. In general, participants stressed that key drivers of success in a reformed system should be strong leadership (on the ground and in government) and demonstration of value.

Keywords data-intensive research, ethics review, international research, mutual recognition, research ethics, research ethics committees

Dove ES and Garattini C (2017) Expert perspectives on ethics review of international data-intensive research: Working towards mutual recognition. Research Ethics. doi: 10.1177/1747016117711972
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