ACN - 101321555 Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)
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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

The Eclipse of ‘Human Subjects’ and the Rise of ‘Human Participants’ in Research Involving Humans. (Books: Igor Gontcharov 2016)0

Posted by Admin in on May 3, 2016
 

Abstract: The 2010 edition of the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) adopts a new term, human participants, leaving the previous central concept of human subjects behind. At first glance, this transition may as appear to be a concession to social researchers, an attempt to reconsider the centrality of the biomedical standard in the governance of research involving humans, in response to the criticisms of “ethics creep,” or the expansion of ethics review beyond biomedical disciplines, and the growing “ethics rupture” – the disconnect between the ethics of social research and the formal system of ethics review. The argument here is that while being prima facie consistent with an attempt to build an inclusive regulatory framework, the adoption of human participants will not advance the perspectives of the social sciences and the humanities, in part because the overall conceptual framework continues to promote the biomedical perspective of research ethics and reiterates the centrality of written consent.

Gontcharov I (2016) The eclipse of ‘human subjects’ and the rise of ‘hun1an participant’ in research involving, humans. In: van den Hoonaard W and Hamilton A (eds) Ethics Rupture: Exploring Alternatives to Formal Research-Ethics Review.
Publisher: http://www.utppublishing.com/The-Ethics-Rupture-Exploring-Alternatives-to-Formal-Research-Ethics-Review.html

African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (Emmanuel M. Akpabio & Idorenyin F. Esikot 2014)0

Posted by Admin in on April 29, 2016
 

Abstract: This study seeks to show how social science-related disciplines in Nigerian universities understand and incorporate ethical principles in research settings within the framework of general institutional practices. We used the University of Uyo, Nigeria, to specifically and empirically explore these issues among academic staff and postgraduate students. We used in-depth discussions and interviews, in addition to analysis of secondary record to collect necessary data. Findings show that individual ethical knowledge and consideration in a research setting is not optimal. At institutional level, ethical principles and norms are only weakly observed in teaching and administrative settings and hardly internalised in research settings. A lack of institutional capacity to evolve functional mechanisms for ethical discipline was observed and blamed on the society-wide poor commitment to moral values and the development of the education system in Nigeria. Given the exploratory nature of the study, there is need for more research.”

Keywords: social sciences, research ethics, institutional capacity, Nigerian universities.

Akpabio E M & IEsikot I F  (2014): Social sciences and research ethics in developing countries: The perspective from Nigeria, African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 6(4)  231-241 DOI: 10.1080/20421338.2014.902562
Publisher: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/20421338.2014.902562

Association of Law Teachers – Research Ethics Statement0

Posted by Admin in on April 28, 2016
 

Excerpt: This Statement was drawn up by an ALT Research Ethics Sub-Committee and approved by the ALT Committee following consultation with the wider ALT membership. We welcome comments on this statement and will keep it under review.

This Statement has been drawn up with reference to other ethics statements and ethical guidelines such as those published by the Economic and Social Research Council, the British Education Research Association, the Socio-Legal Studies Association and the Academy of Social Sciences.

BACKGROUND

The Association of Law Teachers (ALT) is made up of law teachers from both higher and further education, and for the last 50 years has played an active role at the heart of legal education. As one of the major learned associations, we recognise that you, our members, may be looking for guidance on the ethical conduct of legal education research.

Access the statement

Research Integrity and Peer Review0

Posted by Admin in on April 26, 2016
 

The new journal, Research Integrity and Peer Review, will be launched by the well-respected publisher BioMed Central on Tuesday 3rd May.

Research Integrity and Peer Review is an international, open access, peer reviewed journal that encompasses all aspects of integrity in research publication, including peer review, study reporting, and research and publication ethics. Particular consideration is given to submissions that address current controversies and limitations in the field and offer potential solutions.

As well as an editorial by Editors-in-Chief Elizabeth Wager, Iveta Simera, Stephanie Harriman and Maria Kowalczuk, the launch issue will include two papers focusing on research reporting:

  • Aaron Bernstein and colleague’s CORE Reference, a manual and resource website for reporting interventional clinical studies and
  • Thomas Barbor and colleague’s new guideline for reporting of two critical determinants of health, sex and gender in research studies.

In addition, there is a review of conflict of interest disclosure in biomedical research by Associate Editor Adam Dunn and colleagues, while Harm Nijveen and Paul van der Vet’s article reports on the propagation of errors in citation networks, a study involving the entire citation network of a widely cited paper published in, and later retracted from, the journal Nature.

The Chair of the Editorial Board has invited members of the AHRECS community to submit papers.

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