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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

COPE Committee on Publication Ethics0

Posted by Admin in on May 24, 2015
 

COPE provides a valuable forum for editors with regard to publication ethics. Its comprehensive web site provides resources, news, events and cases.

The Concordat to Support Research Integrity – Universities UK0

Posted by Admin in on May 23, 2015
 

UK research integrity statement of principles produced by Universities UK. Initial signatories to the document were: Department for Employment and Learning; Higher Education Funding Council for England; Higher Education Funding Council for Wales; National Institute for Health Research; Research Councils UK; Scottish Funding Council; Universities UK; Wellcome Trust. A list of the current signatories can be accessed from: www.universitiesuk.ac.uk.

The foreword of The Concordant is by the UK Minister for Universities and Science.

In the summary of commitments section – ”This concordat seeks to provide a comprehensive national framework for good research conduct and its governance. As signatories to and supporters of the concordat to support research integrity, we are committed to:

  • maintaining the highest standards of rigour and integrity in all aspects of research
  • ensuring that research is conducted according to appropriate ethical, legal and professional frameworks, obligations and standards supporting a research environment that is underpinned by a culture of integrity and based on good governance, best practice and support for the development of researchers
  • using transparent, robust and fair processes to deal with allegations of research misconduct should they arise
  • working together to strengthen the integrity of research and to reviewing progress regularly and openly”

The Censor’s Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research (Books: Carl Schneider 2015)0

Posted by Admin in on May 22, 2015
 

BOOKS: Schneider, Carl E. The Censor’s Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 2015.

“Medical and social progress depend on research with human subjects. When that research is done in institutions getting federal money, it is regulated (often minutely) by federally required and supervised bureaucracies called “institutional review boards” (IRBs). Do—can—these IRBs do more harm than good? In The Censor’s Hand, Schneider addresses this crucial but long-unasked question.

Schneider answers the question by consulting a critical but ignored experience—the law’s learning about regulation—and by amassing empirical evidence that is scattered around many literatures. He concludes that IRBs were fundamentally misconceived. Their usefulness to human subjects is doubtful, but they clearly delay, distort, and deter research that can save people’s lives, soothe their suffering, and enhance their welfare. IRBs demonstrably make decisions poorly. They cannot be expected to make decisions well, for they lack the expertise, ethical principles, legal rules, effective procedures, and accountability essential to good regulation. And IRBs are censors in the place censorship is most damaging— universities.

In sum, Schneider argues that IRBs are bad regulation that inescapably do more harm than good. They were an irreparable mistake that should be abandoned so that research can be conducted properly and regulated sensibly.”

 

The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe (Podcast from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs, Public Affairs; Books: Robert Klitzman 2015)0

Posted by Admin in on May 22, 2015
 

PODCAST: Podcast from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International AffairsPublic Affairs | MAY 7, 2015

“Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. Although in 1974, the U.S. government established Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans, ethics violations persist.

In this podcast from Carnegie Council, Robert Klitzman, director of the Masters of Bioethics Program at Columbia University, reflects on the ethical implications of using human beings for medical research. The transcript has been edited for clarity.”

Access the podcast

BOOKS: Klitzman, Robert. The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe. 1 edition. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

“Investigates the hidden world of IRBs as they face increasing pressures, responsibilities and criticism from many sides. Examines issues, offers data, and provides insights that have never been presented in a book before concerning the inside world of IRBs: how they make decisions and view the controversies they now face. Explores how the potential future risks vs. benefits of studies actually get weighed, what complexities and ambiguities arise, and how these are dealt with. Discusses how the quality of science in studies is assessed and weighed in relation to ethics, how conflicts of interest play out in science and ethics, and how government agencies, researchers, and universities all affect the ethical reviews of studies”

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