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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Academic Integrity in China (Books: Chen and Macfarlane 2015)0

Posted by Admin in on January 16, 2016
 

Abstract: The chapter will explore academic integrity in relation to the research (mis)conduct of academic faculty in universities in China (excluding Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan). The academic profession in China is state sponsored rather than autonomous and has one of the lowest basic salary levels internationally. The rapid growth of higher education in China, allied with performative pressures in the ranking race, has led to increasing concerns about research integrity focused mainly on the conventional misconduct categories of falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism. However, research integrity in China also needs to be understood by reference to cultural norms, including the building of relationships and courtesy toward
and respect for authority. Norms based on a Western conceptualization of research integrity do little to challenge or alter practices associated with guanxi and the intensive norms of reciprocity which dominate academic life in China. Weak professional self-regulation and poor academic socialization have also contributed to the current problematic situation of academic integrity in China.

Chen, S. & Macfarlane, B. (2015) Academic Integrity in China, IN Bretag, T. (ed.) Handbook of Academic Integrity, Springer, Dordrecht, forthcoming
http://www.springer.com/br/book/9789812870971
ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283716738_Academic_Integrity_in_China

(News from Brazil) Sharp rise in scientific paper retractions – University World News (Rodrigo de Oliveira Andrade 2015)0

Posted by Admin in on January 12, 2016
 

“Cases of scientific malpractice in Brazil increased significantly between 2009 and 2012, according to a study looking at article retraction in scientific journals.

The study, published in Science and Engineering Ethics, says that this could threaten the country’s growing popularity as a research partner.

The paper looked at retracted research articles in two major Latin American and Caribbean databases: the Scientific Electronic Library Online, or SciELO, and the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information, or LILACS. Out of 2,000 articles from around the world published in the databases between 2009 and 2014, 31 were later pulled back, including 25 articles from Brazil, the researchers found.”

University  World News. (2015). Sharp rise in scientific paper retractions. Retrieved 13 January, from http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20160108194308816

Internet research ethics (Norwegian National Committees for Research Ethics 2015)0

Posted by Admin in on January 11, 2016
 

“This anthology addresses ethical challenges that arise within the field of Internet research. Among the issues discussed in the book are the following:

* When is voluntary consent from research subjects required in using the Internet as a data source?

* How many researchers secure the privacy of research subjects in a landscape where the traditions public/private distinction is blurred and re-identification is a recurring threat?

* What are the central ethical and legal aspects of Internet research for individuals, groups, and society?

* Internet Research Ethics will be the first book to be published open access by a norwegian academic publisher (Cappelen Damm Akademisk).

Articles:

Consent and information – ethical considerations when conducting research on social media
Dag Elgesem

Possibilities and limitations of Internet research: A legal framework
Katrine Utaaker Segadal

New selves, new research ethics?
Charles Ess

Researching social media: Confidentiality, anonymity and reconstructing online practices
Marika Lüders

Counting children. On research methodology, ethics and policy development
Elisabeth Staksrud

Social research and Big Data – the tension between opportunities and realities
Kari Steen-Johnsen and Bernard Enjolras

Studying Big Data – ethical and methodological considerations
Anders Olof Larsson

Big Data – big trouble? Meanderings in an uncharted ethical landscape
Robindra Prabhu”

This open access publication can be accessed for free from:
https://www.etikkom.no/en/news/news-archive/2015/new-anthology-internet-research-ethics/

‘But the data is already public’: On the ethics of research in Facebook (Papers: Zimmer M 2010)0

Posted by Admin in on January 10, 2016
 

Abstract: In 2008, a group of researchers publicly released profile data collected from the Facebook accounts of an entire cohort of college students from a US university. While good-faith attempts were made to hide the identity of the institution and protect the privacy of the data subjects, the source of the data was quickly identified, placing the privacy of the students at risk. Using this incident as a case study, this paper articulates a set of ethical concerns that must be addressed before embarking on future research in social networking sites, including the nature of consent, properly identifying and respecting expectations of privacy on social network sites, strategies for data anonymization prior to public release, and the relative expertise of institutional review boards when confronted with research projects based on data gleaned from social media.”

Zimmer M (2010) ‘But the data is already public’: On the ethics of research in Facebook. Ethics and Information Technology 12(4): 313-325.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10676-010-9227-5

(Additional reading list item from the updated Booklet 37 of the Griffith University Research Ethics Manual. Perpetual licences are available for use by all researchers within an institution. Institutions have used the GUREM as the basis for producing their own research ethics manual, as a professional development resource and a teaching and learning materials for HDR candidates.)b

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