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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

News Habits on Facebook and Twitter (Papers: Michael Barthel, et al 2014)0

Posted by Admin in on January 9, 2016
 

“When asked about specific news habits on each social site, users demonstrate some common tendencies as well as distinctions in how they use the sites. To some degree, this can be expected: The two services have different sets of technical features (Twitter has the live-streaming app Periscope, while Facebook has Instant Articles), and distinct cultures have arisen among their users. The nature of the differences revealed here clarifies the role each service plays in the news landscape.”

Barthel M, Shearer E, Gottfried J and Mitchell A (2015) News Habits on Facebook and Twitter Retrieved from http://www.journalism.org/2015/07/14/news-habits-on-facebook-and-twitter/ (accessed 7 December 2015)

(Reference from the updated Booklet 37 of the Griffith University Research Ethics Manual. Perpetual licences are available for use by all researchers within an institution. Institutions have used the GUREM as the basis for producing their own research ethics manual, as a professional development resource and a teaching and learning materials for HDR candidates.)

Scientific Misbehavior in Economics: Unacceptable research practice linked to perceived pressure to publish (Papers: Sarah Necker 2014)0

Posted by Admin in on January 7, 2016
 

Upholding research integrity depends on our ability to understand the extent of misconduct. Sarah Necker describes her landmark study on economists’ research norms and practices. Fabrication, falsification and plagiarism are widely considered to be unjustifiable, but misbehaviour is still prevalent. For example, 1-3% of economists surveyed admit that they have accepted or offered gifts, money, or sex in exchange for co-authorship, data, or promotion. Economists’ perceived pressure to publish is found to be positively related to their admission of being involved in several rejected research practices.

Science is the endeavor to gain a deeper understanding of how the world works. Trust in scientific research is grounded on the assumption that the researchers report their work honestly and accurately. The results are expected to be unbiased by the researchers’ presumptions or strategic behavior. Experiments in the social sciences in which the researcher acted on behalf of each participant strongly mislead scientific progress. Cherry-picking of findings that conform to a desired hypothesis may be interpreted as the “quest for positive results” but not exactly as the “quest for truth.”

While certain practices clearly represent scientific misbehavior, the justifiability of others is less obvious. What is the bottom line of acceptable behavior? How prevalent are rejected practices? An anonymous online survey among the members of the European Economic Association yields evidence for economics. It is the first study of economists’ research norms and their engagement in a variety of research practices.”

Necker, S (2014) Scientific Misbehavior in Economics: Unacceptable research practice linked to perceived pressure to publish. LSE Impact Bloghttp://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2014/07/23/scientific-misbehavior-in-economics/

European textbook on ethics in research0

Posted by Admin in on January 5, 2016
 

“This textbook is the output of the project “European Textbook on Ethics in Research”, funded by the European Commission and delivered by members of the Centre for Professional Ethics at Keele University. It is designed for use in the training of science students, researchers and research ethics committee members throughout Europe and beyond. It is intended to be accessible to scientific and lay readers, including those with no previous experience of ethical theory and analysis. The scope of the textbook is the ethics of scientific research involving human beings. It contains case studies relating to a variety of scientific disciplines, including biomedical and human life sciences, new technologies and the social sciences. These have been chosen to illustrate and facilitate discussion of key ethical issues, and to give a flavour of the range of research settings in which these issues occur. Readers will be introduced to a range of philosophical perspectives and concepts, but without any particular approach being promoted. Similarly, reference will be made to major religious views where relevant, but without endorsing or rejecting any particular view.”

Hughes, J., Hunter, D., Sheehan, M., Wilkinson, S., & Wrigley, A. (2010) European textbook on ethics in research. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/document_library/pdf_06/textbook-on-ethics-report_en.pdf

Research Confidentiality: Researcher and Institutional Responsibilities (PAPERS – Video: T Palys)0

Posted by Admin in on January 4, 2016
 

“On October 16, 2015, Dr. Ted Palys visited Langara College to present a fascinating talk on recent developments in Canadian case law and ethical issues regarding the protection of confidentiality when it comes to research information provided by research participants. In his presentation, Dr. Palys lays out the guidelines of the Tri-Council policy and provides a better understanding of the law around the protection of research confidentiality and the professional responsibilities of researchers and institutions.

Dr. Palys is a professor in the School of Criminology and an associate member of the Department of First Nations Studies at Simon Fraser University (SFU). His most recent publication is a 2014 book co-authored with John Lowman called, “Protecting Research Confidentiality: What Happens When Law and Ethics Collide.”

The event was organized by Dr. John Russell, Chair of the Langara Research Ethics Board, in partnership with Langara’s Scholarly Activity Steering Committee. For more information about scholarly activity and applied research at Langara College, visit www.langara.ca.”

In discussing the response and judgments relating to two significant cases Dr. Palys highlights a number of important considerations for researchers and institutions. This 90 minute workshop is recommended for researchers, research ethics reviews and research office staff.

Ted Palys (2015 ) Research Confidentiality: Researcher & Institutional Responsibilities. Lecture to Langara College, October 16, 2015.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xB21-3jWMQk

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