ACN - 101321555 Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Resource Library

Research Ethics MonthlyAbout Us

ResourcesInternational

Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Even without written codes, ethical standards for human research existed before World War II – The Conversation (Alison Bateman-House 2015)0

Posted by Admin in on June 10, 2015
 

In his history of the Tuskegee syphilis study (formally known as the US Public Health Service Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male), historian James H Jones wrote:

[T]here was no system of normative ethics on human experimentation during the 1930s that compelled medical researchers to temper their scientific curiosity with respect for the patient’s rights.

The American Medical Association’s code of ethics did not address research on humans until 1946. The Nuremberg Code, often considered the foundational document of research ethics, dates from the 1947 verdict in the Doctors Trial – the military tribunal for German physicians on their participation in war crimes.

Read the rest of this discussion piece

How national security gave birth to bioethics – The Conversation (Jonathan D Moreno 2015)0

Posted by Admin in on June 8, 2015
 

Starting near the end of World War II and continuing until the 1970s, the US government sponsored radiation experiments on human subjects. Some of these experiments were conducted to understand the effects of radiation on atomic bomb workers. Others were to learn about the benefits of radiation for cancer patients. Many of the experiments were conducted in secret or not well understood by the public.

Twenty years ago, a committee appointed by President Bill Clinton reported on decades of radiation experiments conducted under the auspices of the federal government.

ESRC Framework for Research Ethics0

Posted by Admin in on June 3, 2015
 

In January the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) released an updated research ethics framework.

“As the principal funding agency for UK social science research, we require that the research we support is:

  • designed and conducted in accordance with recognised best practice and ethical standards
  • subject to proper professional and institutional oversight in terms of research governance

The Framework for Research Ethics was introduced in 2006. Since then we have only funded research where consideration has been given to ethical implications and in those research organisations where appropriate arrangements are in place. The Framework therefore has implications for applicants to ESRC and their research teams, research organisations and research ethics committees, for those assessing research proposals and for research participants.

Latest Edition – January 2015

The revised framework includes necessary revisions but also encourages researchers to think ethically and emphasises the importance of identifying potential ethical issues throughout the research lifecycle of a project and expresses our expectation that researchers should ensure the maximum benefit of their research whilst minimising actual or potential risk of harm to participants or others affected by the research. Our guidance also includes cases studies of ethical issues, see link below, that are intended to be useful examples of ethical challenges faced in social science research and we welcome further case studies to be submitted for our consideration.

For the next phase of the review, we intend to make the information in the Framework more accessible by introducing an ethics toolkit that is expected to be added to our website in late 2015 and is intended to make the Framework information accessible in a more usable format.”

In addition to including a PDF copy of the framework and a summary of the key changes the page provides a number of useful case studies.

Training and Resources in Research Ethics Evaluation0

Posted by Admin in on June 1, 2015
 

“TRREE stands for Training and Resources in Research Ethics Evaluation.

TRREE is headed by a consortium of interested persons from Northern and Southern countries. It aims to provide basic training, while building capacities, on the ethics of health research involving humans so that research meets highest standards of ethics and promotes the welfare of participants. TRREE achieves this goal primarily by developing a training programme with local collaborators. In its initial stages TRREE focused primarily, but not exclusively, on the needs of African countries.

TRREE provides free-of-charge access to:

  • e-Learning: a distance learning program and certification on research ethics evaluation
  • e-Resources: a participatory web-site with international, regional and national regulatory and policy resources
  • TRREE’s learning material is currently available in English [EN], French [FR], German [DE] and Portuguese [PT].

The e-learning programme is based on internationally recognized ethical principles and regulations. It integrates local issues and perspectives from low-and middle-income countries, most notably from African countries, that are relevant to all those who must ensure the protection of research participants and who promote highest ethical standards.

The ongoing development of this programme promoted co-learning, collaboration and capacity-building amongst partners.”

0