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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Research Ethics for Social Scientists: Between Ethical Conduct and Regulatory Compliance (Book: Mark Israel and Iain Hay 2006)0

Posted by Admin in on May 31, 2015
 

BOOK: Israel, Mark. & Hay, Iain M.  (2006).  Research ethics for social scientists : between ethical conduct and regulatory compliance.  London :  Sage Publications

ABOUT
“Ethics is becoming an increasingly prominent issue for all researchers across the western world. This comprehensive and accessible guide introduces students to the field and encourages knowledge of research ethics in practice. Research Ethics for Social Scientists sets out to do four things: The first is to demonstrate the practical value of thinking seriously and systematically about what constitutes ethical conduct in social science research. Second, the text identifies how and why current regulatory regimes have emerged. Third, it seeks to reveal those practices that have contributed to the adversarial relationships between researchers and regulators. Finally, the book hopes to encourage both parties to develop shared solutions to ethical and regulatory problems.”

Challenges and Responsibilities of Social Research in Africa: Ethical Issues (Book: Apollo Rwomire & Francis Nyamnjoh 2007)0

Posted by Admin in on May 31, 2015
 

BOOK: Rwomire, Apollo, & Nyamnjoh, Francis B., 1961- & Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (2007). Challenges and responsibilities of social research in Africa : ethical issues. Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

ABOUT
“Reviewed by SHERIDAN GRISWOLD (Originally published in Mmegi Online)

Challenges and Responsibilities of Social Research in Africa: Ethical Issues is a collection of 21 essays that should be of interest to a variety of people, including researchers and consumers of research.

Its editors are well known in Botswana. Apollo Rwomire, a Ugandan, has taught in the Department of Social Work at the University of Botswana (UB) since 1993. His recent books include Social Problems in Africa (2001) and Human Impact on Environment and Sustainable Development in Africa (2003).

Francis B Nyamnjoh, a Cameroonian, is an anthropologist and sociologist who has written five works of fiction including The Disillusioned African (1995) and The Travails of Dieudonne (2008). His academic books span topics as diverse as sexuality, xenophobia, democracy, the media and Magical Interpretations, Material Realities (2001).”

See more at: http://www.nyamnjoh.com/2010/02/the-ethics-of-research-on-human-subjects-in-africa.html#sthash.RLEAK0je.dpuf

Handbook of Ethics in Quantitative Methodology0

Posted by Admin in on May 31, 2015
 

“This comprehensive Handbook is the first to provide a practical, interdisciplinary review of ethical issues as they relate to quantitative methodology including how to present evidence for reliability and validity, what comprises an adequate tested population, and what constitutes scientific knowledge for eliminating biases. The book uses an ethical framework that emphasizes the human cost of quantitative decision making to help researchers understand the specific implications of their choices. The order of the Handbook chapters parallels the chronology of the research process: determining the research design and data collection; data analysis; and communicating findings. Each chapter:

  • Explores the ethics of a particular topic
  • Identifies prevailing methodological issues
  • Reviews strategies and approaches for handling such issues and their ethical implications
  • Provides one or more case examples
  • Outlines plausible approaches to the issue including best-practice solutions.

Part 1 presents ethical frameworks that cross-cut design, analysis, and modeling in the behavioral sciences. Part 2 focuses on ideas for disseminating ethical training in statistics courses. Part 3 considers the ethical aspects of selecting measurement instruments and sample size planning and explores issues related to high stakes testing, the defensibility of experimental vs. quasi-experimental research designs, and ethics in program evaluation. Decision points that shape a researchers’ approach to data analysis are examined in Part 4 – when and why analysts need to account for how the sample was selected, how to evaluate tradeoffs of hypothesis-testing vs. estimation, and how to handle missing data. Ethical issues that arise when using techniques such as factor analysis or multilevel modeling and when making causal inferences are also explored. The book concludes with ethical aspects of reporting meta-analyses, of cross-disciplinary statistical reform, and of the publication process.

This Handbook appeals to researchers and practitioners in psychology, human development, family studies, health, education, sociology, social work, political science, and business/marketing. This book is also a valuable supplement for quantitative methods courses required of all graduate students in these fields.”

Indigenous peoples and the morality of the Human Genome Diversity Project (Paper: Michael Dodson, Robert Williams 1999)0

Posted by Admin in on May 31, 2015
 

PAPER: Dodson, M., & Williamson, R. (1999). Indigenous peoples and the morality of the Human Genome Diversity Project. Journal of Medical Ethics, 25(2), 204-208.

ABSTRACT
In addition to the aim of mapping and sequencing one human’s genome, the Human Genome Project also intends to characterise the genetic diversity of the world’s peoples. The Human Genome Diversity Project raises political, economic and ethical issues. These intersect clearly when the genomes under study are those of indigenous peoples who are already subject to serious economic, legal and/or social disadvantage and discrimination. The fact that some individuals associated with the project have made dismissive comments about indigenous peoples has confused rather than illuminated the deeper issues involved, as well as causing much antagonism among indigenous peoples. There are more serious ethical issues raised by the project for all geneticists, including those who are sympathetic to the problems of indigenous peoples. With particular attention to the history and attitudes of Australian indigenous peoples, we argue that the Human Genome Diversity Project can only proceed if those who further its objectives simultaneously: respect the cultural beliefs of indigenous peoples; publicly support the efforts of indigenous peoples to achieve respect and equality; express respect by a rigorous understanding of the meaning of equitable negotiation of consent, and ensure that both immediate and long term economic benefits from the research flow back to the groups taking part.

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