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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Hysterical inquiry and autoethnography: A lacanian alternative to institutionalized ethical commandments (Papers: Andrew Dickson and Kate Holland 2016)0

Posted by Admin in on June 4, 2016

Abstract: This article questions the ethical commandments issued by research ethics committees, particularly in relation to autoethnography, and points towards an alternative based on an examination and application of the psychoanalytic ethics of hysterical inquiry. The authors demonstrate the ethics of hysterical inquiry in operation in qualitative research via a discussion of an autoethnography by Elizabeth Dauphinee and contrast this with a paper ‘on’ autoethnography by Martin Tolich. They argue that these two very different offerings can be positioned respectively as from Lacan’s hysteric’s discourse and the university’s discourse. Finally the authors conclude that hysterical inquiry with its focus on desire can provide a way forward for radical qualitative research, a way out of the binds of institutionalized ethical commandments that threaten the radical potential of qualitative research.

Keywords: Autoethnography ethics ethics committees hysteric hysterical inquiry Lacan psychoanalysis qualitative research

Dickson A, and Holland K (2016) Hysterical inquiry and autoethnography: A lacanian  alternative to institutionalized ethical commandments. Current Sociology. doi: 10.1177/0011392115623603

A Critique of Current Practice: Ten Foundational Guidelines for Autoethnographers (Martin Tolich 2010)0

Posted by Admin in on June 3, 2016

Abstract: Any research is potentially compromised when researchers address ethical issues retrospectively rather than by anticipating these issues. In this regard, creative analytical practices (CAP) autoethnography has endemic problems. In Part 1 of this article, I detail a case study of an autoethnography in which journal reviewers insisted that an author gain retrospective informed consent from the 23 persons documented in an autoethnography. Yet the journal reviewers’ insistence failed to go one step further—acknowledging that a conflict of interest develops when gaining consent retrospectively. In Part 2, I contrast three leading autoethnographers’ justifications for not gaining informed consent with the Position Statement on Qualitative Research developed by successive Congresses of Qualitative Inquiry. In Part 3, I identify resources available for autoethnographers, including ethical issues present when researchers use autoethnography to heal themselves, violating the internal confidentiality of relational others. In Part 4, I question if autoethnography is research and, like journalism, exempt from formal ethics review. Throughout the article, 10 foundational ethical considerations for autoethnographers are developed, taking autoethnographers beyond procedural ethics and providing tools for their ethics in practice.

Keywords: ethics / moral perspectives; ethnography; photography / photovoice; research, qualitative

Tolich (2010) A Critique of Current Practice: Ten Foundational Guidelines for Autoethnographers. Qualitative Health Research. 20(12):1599-610. doi: 10.1177/1049732310376076.

The Oaxaca Incident: A geographer’s efforts to map a Mexican village reveal the risks of military entanglement – The Chronicle of Higher Education (Paul Voosen 2016)0

Posted by Admin in on May 10, 2016

An American scholar. A Mexican village. The U.S. military. What could go wrong?

On most maps, Tiltepec doesn’t look like much. A Zapotec village of several hundred indigenous people, Tiltepec clings to the steep slopes of the Sierra Juárez, a formidable range in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca. Its people have lived there for generations in relative isolation under the shadow of Cerro Negro, where once their ancestors forced conquistadors off a cliff to the Rio Vera below. The valley teems with ancient earthen terraces, platforms, and sacred caves. Yet find Tiltepec on government maps and all you’ll see is bare topography and a name. Viewed on Google Earth, it’s even less — a few patches of white rectangles drowned in forest. For most of the world, Tiltepec might as well not exist.

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The Eclipse of ‘Human Subjects’ and the Rise of ‘Human Participants’ in Research Involving Humans. (Books: Igor Gontcharov 2016)0

Posted by Admin in on May 3, 2016

Abstract: The 2010 edition of the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) adopts a new term, human participants, leaving the previous central concept of human subjects behind. At first glance, this transition may as appear to be a concession to social researchers, an attempt to reconsider the centrality of the biomedical standard in the governance of research involving humans, in response to the criticisms of “ethics creep,” or the expansion of ethics review beyond biomedical disciplines, and the growing “ethics rupture” – the disconnect between the ethics of social research and the formal system of ethics review. The argument here is that while being prima facie consistent with an attempt to build an inclusive regulatory framework, the adoption of human participants will not advance the perspectives of the social sciences and the humanities, in part because the overall conceptual framework continues to promote the biomedical perspective of research ethics and reiterates the centrality of written consent.

Gontcharov I (2016) The eclipse of ‘human subjects’ and the rise of ‘hun1an participant’ in research involving, humans. In: van den Hoonaard W and Hamilton A (eds) Ethics Rupture: Exploring Alternatives to Formal Research-Ethics Review.