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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

(Australia and Canada) ‘How I got fooled’: The story behind the retraction of a study of gamers – Retraction Watch (Leto Sapunar | June 2020)0

Posted by Admin in on July 29, 2020
 

In April of this year, Corneel Vandelanotte realized something had gone wrong with a paper he had recently published.

CQU researcher seeking to help Canadian-based researcher ‘sucked in’ to co-authorship of a paper that was subsequently retracted because of flawed analysis, but may also have added false authors and involved data fabrication.  We have included links to 20 related items.

First, there was a post about his paper by Nick Brown, a scientific sleuth, questioning the results, ethics, and authors behind the work. That was followed by a comment on PubPeer by Elisabeth Bik, another scientific sleuth.
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“People started alerting me,” Vandelanotte, a public health researcher at Central Queensland University in Rockhampton, told Retraction Watch. “Hey, have you seen this blog by Nick Brown? And, and then yeah, okay, that was a bad day. Let me put it that way.”
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Vandelanotte grew concerned. He asked the lead author on the paper to see the data. When the lead author refused to share them, saying they were inaccessible, Vandelanotte became convinced: He had been deceived.
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Extending credit – Chemistry World (Emma Pewsey | March 2020)0

Posted by Admin in on July 23, 2020
 

Why more technicians deserve to be on author lists

Imagine how you’d feel if you worked hard on something, and then didn’t get any credit for it. Or worse, someone else gets the credit. Perhaps the lack of recognition only briefly annoys you. But what if it actually causes you to miss out on career opportunities? And when people look back in 50 years’ time, maybe they’ll think people like you didn’t exist – as though all your work occurred without any human intervention. You’ve been erased from history.

Research projects are often only possible because of the involvement of technicians, statisticians, cultural advisers or consumers/community members, but they often are not acknowledged in the research outputs.  But they should be.  We have included links to 11 related items.

In science, getting credit in a research project is often a matter of making it on to the author list of the related publications. This list is supposed to represent all the people who made significant contributions to a study. Yet the history of science is haunted by the ghosts of unacknowledged individuals who helped to produce key scientific breakthroughs.
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Arguably, a list of names at the top of an article doesn’t go far enough to recognise individual contributions. While the exact order of names in this list is often delicately negotiated based on perceived importance, it tells the reader little or nothing about what each person actually did.
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Fortunately, more journals now allow (or require) author contribution statements to accompany the list of names. Many publications recommend using the contributor roles taxonomy, or Credit: a list of 14 roles that covers pretty much every kind of useful work you can do on a research project, including conceptualisation, providing resources, analysis and data curation.
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How to manage a multi-author megapaper – Nature Index (Jack Leeming | November 2019)0

Posted by Admin in on May 19, 2020
 

Large teams can produce more impactful work, but organizing a paper produced by many can be a major challenge.

For a frog, exposure to the amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) is very bad news indeed. The fungus thrives in the same wet, hot conditions that frogs favour and it grows on amphibian skin. Frogs breathe through their skin, which is used by almost all species for electrolyte exchange. Chytrid prevents electrolytes from entering the animal’s body, which eventually causes a heart attack.

The topic of authorship in team science should be discussed in a professional development workshop and practice resources beyond 101 research integrity awareness efforts.  AHRECS has developed a downloadable ppt with embedded audio by Prof. Mark Israel (also on Patreon).  We have included links to 29 related reads.

Chytrid fungus species are responsible for significant amphibian population reductions in Central and North America, Europe and Australia. Although declines were at their worst in the 1980s, one 2004 study suggested that at least 43% of amphibian species are dwindling worldwide. New Guinea, home to 6% of the world’s frog species, is one place chytrid is yet to invade.
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Deborah Bower, an ecologist at the University of New England in Armidale, Australia, is investigating proactive protection strategies for New Guinea, including increased quarantine measures and an island-wide surveillance programme.
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Such collaboration is unusual in Bower’s field, where single-author papers are common. “When the fungus gets to New Guinea, more than 100 frog species could go extinct,” she says. “The island has a complex political system; it’s half Papua New Guinea and half Indonesia. There’s not much local experience in dealing with the disease. We brought in scientists from the US and Australia who had experience with chytrid, plus experts from a policy background who have worked with governments on large-scale changes.”
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(Australia) Clinical Trials and Other Physician-Industry Interactions in Australia – Global Forum (Ric Day | January 2020)0

Posted by Admin in on May 10, 2020
 

The representative body of the innovative, prescription medicines industry in Australia, Medicines Australia is responsible for administering the Medicines Australia Code of Conduct. This self-regulatory system, underpinned by legislation, sets the standard for the ethical promotion and marketing of prescription medicines in Australia. These standards must be adhered to by member companies. Penalties for breaches of the Code of Conduct can be considerable and are increasing in severity year after year. Breaches of the Code and the resultant fines are published on the Medicines Australia website quarterly along with the comprehensive Code of Conduct Annual Report.

Clinical Trials

The Australian Clinical Trials Alliance (ACTA) has just concluded their International Clinical Trials conference, opened by the Federal Minister for Health Greg Hunt. As an indication of the interest in the topics the conference discussed, the official Conference Twitter hashtag #ACTAconf trended at number 4 in all of Australia!

As part of his presentation, Hunt launched an upgraded version of the Clin Trial Refer app which now delivers a comprehensive listing of clinical trials that are recruiting globally. Feedback from end-users and experts incorporated in this new Version 2 includes features such as customized searches that notify individual in real-time of trials in their areas of interest. Search filters such as age, tumour type, mutation status, and telehealth options can also be applied. The phase 1 cohort feature, among many new features, should improve recruiting. Pending studies and the cohorts being sought by investigators (including inclusion and exclusion criteria) can also be viewed to give patients and doctors opportunity to consider their participation.

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