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Australasian Human Research Ethics Consultancy Services Pty Ltd (AHRECS)

Listening to the Voices of the People: The Psychosocial Influences and Consequences of Research in Ethnocultural Communities (Books: Joseph Trimble, et al | 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on February 14, 2017
 

Abstract:
In the past three decades, there has been a dramatic increase in mental health research conducted among ethnic and nationalistic groups. As the interest has increased so have the concerns of many ethnocultural communities about research in general and the presence of researchers in their communities. The rising community concerns accompanied with the emergence of community-based research review committees presents extraordinary challenges for researchers – challenges that are only beginning to be fully and seriously acknowledged at methodological, procedural, and conceptual levels. The most important challenge though is the actual responsible conduct of researchers while they are in the field and the relationship they establish with their respondents. The chapter discusses the history of how research has been conducted in ethnocultural communities with the use of culturally inappropriate designs, methodology, and interpretation. Consequently, communities are now taking steps to protect themselves against the harm, which has come from the past abuses of research practices and the insensitivities of the researchers. Moreover, it is essential to educate ethnocultural communities about healing from the effects of past research and subsequently teach communities how to empower themselves in future research endeavors. Research can be beneficial to ethnocultural communities if appropriate measures are taken to ensure cultural responsiveness and solid grounding in the culturally unique lifeways and thoughtways of the communities.

Keywords: ethics; community empowerment; participatory action research; culturally sensitive research.

Trimble, J. E., Casillas, D. M., Boyd, B., & King, J. (2017). Listening to the Voices of the People: The Psychosocial Influences and Consequences of Research in Ethnocultural Communities. In Social Issues in Living Color: Challenges and Solutions from the Perspective of Ethnic Minority Psychology [3 volumes], 305. Praeger Books
Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Social-Issues-Living-Color-volumes/dp/1440833362
Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236671647_Listening_to_the_voices…

Friday afternoon funny – Following the rules and the responsibilities of researchers0

Posted by Admin in on February 10, 2017
 

Research participant reduced to ashes by a scanner

Cartoon by Don Mayne www.researchcartoons.com – Why sticking to the protocol (or the rulebook) doesn’t necessarily always equate to doing the research well

Cartoon by Don Mayne www.researchcartoons.com

Common Rule revisions: Comparing changes in US and Singaporean research regulations – CentresBLOG (Owen Schaefer | January 2017)0

Posted by Admin in on February 5, 2017
 

While Singapore will see a new regulatory regime for research as the Human Biomedical Research Act (HBRA) comes into force, the US has undergone one of the most major revisions to its own ‘Common Rule’ regulating research in decades. Interestingly, the new Common Rule overall relaxes restrictions on various aspects of research in the US. In this post I’ll briefly summarise some of the big takeaways, and draw some comparisons to the HBRA.

Softening in the face of Public Comment

The previous draft of the revised Common Rule had several provisions that did not make it into the final draft due to strong public backlash during the comment period. Most prominently: the draft would have required broad consent for research on de-identified biological samples. Researchers reacted very negatively, stating that this would significantly interfere with important biomedical research without providing significant additional protection to participants (as the main risks are informational). Patient groups were in agreement, concerned that innovative treatments would be delayed due to excessive bureaucratic regulation. The requirement was scrapped, and broad consent is now only required for research on identifiable samples.

Read the rest of this discussion piece

The Role of Intuition in Risk/Benefit Decision-Making in Human Subjects Research (Papers: David B. Resnik | June 2016)0

Posted by Admin in on February 2, 2017
 

ABSTRACT
One of the key principles of ethical research involving human subjects is that the risks of research to should be acceptable in relation to expected benefits. Institutional review board (IRB) members often rely on intuition to make risk/benefit decisions concerning proposed human studies. Some have objected to using intuition to make these decisions because intuition is unreliable and biased and lacks transparency. In this article, I examine the role of intuition in IRB risk/benefit decision-making and argue that there are practical and philosophical limits to our ability to reduce our reliance on intuition in this process. The fact that IRB risk/benefit decision-making involves intuition need not imply that it is hopelessly subjective or biased, however, since there are strategies that IRBs can employ to improve their decisions, such as using empirical data to estimate the probability of potential harms and benefits, developing classification systems to guide the evaluation of harms and benefits, and engaging in moral reasoning concerning the acceptability of risks.

KEYWORDS:
Benefits, human subjects research, institutional review boards, intuition, reasoning, risks

Resnik DB (2016) The Role of Intuition in Risk/Benefit Decision-Making in Human Subjects Research. Accountability in Research
Policies and Quality Assurance 24(1)
Publisher: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08989621.2016.1198978

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